CaliforniaHerps.com


California Lizards



 

A Guide to the Amphibians
and Reptiles of California
   
Lizards Word Cloud This is a complete llst of lizards that occur naturally in California, including alien species with established populations.


California's lizards are listed by scientific name and sorted by family, genus, species, and subspecies if applicable.

They are listed by common name belowthe first list.

Follow the blue links to go to a page with information about each kind of turtle along with pictures of them and their habitat and maybe some videos.

The names used on this list are based mainly on the lists published by the Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles.

Scientific Name
Common Name Original Description Alternate Name CA Endemic
         
Order Squamata Scaled Reptiles (Lizards) Oppel, 1811
         
Anguidae Alligator Lizards and Allies Gray, 1825    
         
Elgaria Western Alligator Lizards Gray, 1838    
Elgaria coerulea Northern Alligator Lizard Wiegmann, 1828    
  Elgaria coerulea coerulea San Francisco Alligator Lizard (Wiegmann, 1828)   Endemic
  Elgaria coerulea palmeri Sierra Alligator Lizard (Stejneger, 1893)
   
  Elgaria coerulea principis Northwestern Alligator Lizard (Baird and Girard, 1852)    
  Elgaria coerulea shastensis Shasta Alligator Lizard (Fitch, 1934)    
Elgaria multicarinata Southern Alligator Lizard (Blainville, 1835)
   
  Elgaria multicarinata multicarinata California Alligator Lizard (Blainville, 1835)   Endemic
  Elgaria multicarinata scincicauda Oregon Alligator Lizard (Skilton, 1849)    
  Elgaria multicarinata webbii San Diego Alligator Lizard (Baird, 1859 “1858”)    
Elgaria panamintina Panamint Alligator Lizard (Stebbins, 1958)    
         
Anniellidae North American Legless lizards Boulenger 1885    
         
Anniella North American Legless Lizards Gray, 1852    
Anniella alexanderae
Temblor Legless Lizard Papenfuss & Parham, 2013   Endemic
Anniella campi
Southern Sierra Legless Lizard Papenfuss & Parham, 2013
Endemic
Anniella grinnelli Bakersfield Legless Lizard Papenfuss & Parham, 2013
Endemic
Anniella pulchra Northern California legless lizard Papenfuss & Parham, 2013   Endemic
  Anniella pulchra nigra Black Legless Lizard  
Endemic
Anniella stebbinsi Southern California Legless Lizard Papenfuss & Parham, 2013  
         
Crotaphytidae Collared and Leopard Lizards Smith & Brodie, 1982    
         
Crotaphytus Collared Lizards Holbrook, 1842    
Crotaphytus bicinctores Great Basin Collared Lizard Smith and Tanner, 1972    
Crotaphytus vestigium Baja California Collared Lizard Smith and Tanner, 1972    
         
Gambelia Leopard Lizards Baird 1859 “1858”    
Gambelia copeii Cope's Leopard Lizard (Yarrow, 1882)    
Gambelia sila Blunt-nosed Leopard Lizard (Stejneger, 1890)   Endemic
Gambelia wislizenii Long-nosed Leopard Lizard (Baird and Girard, 1852)    
         
Eublepharidae Eyelid Geckos Boulenger, 1883    
         
Coleonyx Banded Geckos Gray, 1845    
Coleonyx switaki Switak's Banded Gecko (Murphy, 1974)    
  Coleonyx switaki switaki Peninsular Banded Gecko (Murphy, 1974)    
Coleonyx variegatus Western Banded Gecko (Baird, 1859 “1858”)    
  Coleonyx variegatus abbotti San Diego Banded Gecko Klauber, 1945    
  Coleonyx variegatus variegatus Desert Banded Gecko (Baird, 1859)
   
         
Helodermatidae Gila Monsters Gray, 1837    
         
Heloderma Gila Monsters and Beaded Lizards Wiegmann, 1829    
Heloderma suspectum Gila Monster Cope, 1869    
  Heloderma suspectum cinctum Banded Gila Monster Bogert and Martín del Campo, 1956    
         
Iguanidae Iguanas Oppel, 1811    
         
Dipsosaurus Desert Iguanas Hallowell, 1854    
Dipsosaurus dorsalis Desert Iguana (Baird and Girard, 1852)    
  Dipsosaurus dorsalis dorsalis Northern Desert Iguana (Baird and Girard, 1852)    
         
Sauromalus Chuckwallas Duméril, 1856    
Sauromalus ater Common Chuckwalla Duméril, 1856    
         
Phrynosomatidae Zebra-tailed, Earless, Fringe-toed, Spiny, Tree, Side-blotched, and Horned Lizards Fitzinger, 1843    
         
Callisaurus Zebra-tailed Lizards Blainville, 1835    
Callisaurus draconoides Zebra-tailed Lizard Blainville, 1835    
  Callisaurus draconoides rhodostictus Western Zebra-tailed Lizard Cope, 1896    
         
Petrosaurus California Rock Lizards Boulenger, 1885    
Petrosaurus mearnsi Banded Rock Lizard (Stejneger, 1894)    
  Petrosaurus mearnsi mearnsi Mearns' Rock Lizard (Stejneger, 1894)    
         
Phrynosoma Horned Lizards Wiegmann, 1828    
Phrynosoma blainvillii Blainville's Horned Lizard Gray, 1839 Coast Horned Lizard - Phrynosoma coronatum
Anota blainvillii
 
Phrynosoma douglasii Pygmy Short-horned Lizard Bell, 1829 Tapaja douglasii  
Phrynosoma mcallii Flat-tail Horned Lizard Hallowell, 1852 Anota mcallii  
Phrynosoma platyrhinos Desert Horned Lizard Girard, 1852 Doliosaurus platyrhinos  
  Phrynosoma platyrhinos calidiarum Southern Desert Horned Lizard Cope, 1896 Doliosaurus platyrhinos calidiarum  
  Phrynosoma platyrhinos platyrhinos Northern Desert Horned Lizard Girard, 1852 Doliosaurus platyrhinos platyrhinos  
         
Sceloporus Spiny Lizards Wiegmann, 1828    
Sceloporus graciosus Common Sagebrush Lizard Baird and Girard, 1852    
  Sceloporus graciosus gracilis Western Sagebrush Lizard Baird and Girard, 1852    
  Sceloporus graciosus graciosus Northern Sagebrush Lizard Baird and Girard, 1852    
  Sceloporus graciosus vandenburgianus Southern Sagebrush Lizard Cope, 1896   Endemic
Sceloporus magister Desert Spiny Lizard Hallowell, 1854    
Sceloporus occidentalis Western Fence Lizard Baird and Girard, 1852    
  Sceloporus occidentalis becki Island Fence Lizard Van Denburgh, 1905   Endemic
  Sceloporus occidentalis biseriatus San Joaquin Fence Lizard Hallowell, 1854   Endemic
  Sceloporus occidentalis bocourtii Coast Range Fence Lizard Boulenger, 1885   Endemic
  Sceloporus occidentalis longipes Great Basin Fence Lizard Baird, 1859 “1858”    
  Sceloporus occidentalis occidentalis Northwestern Fence Lizard Baird and Girard, 1852    
  Sceloporus occidentalis taylori Sierra Fence Lizard Camp, 1916   Endemic
Sceloporus orcutti Granite Spiny Lizard Stejneger, 1893    
Sceloporus uniformis Yellow-backed Spiny Lizard Phelan and Brattstrom, 1955    
         
Uma Fringe-toed Lizards Baird, 1859 “1858”    
Uma inornata Coachella Fringe-toed Lizard Cope, 1895   Endemic
Uma notata Colorado Desert Fringe-toed Lizard Baird, 1859 “1858”    
Uma scoparia Mohave Fringe-toed Lizard Cope, 1894    
         
Urosaurus Tree and Bush Lizards Hallowell, 1854    
Urosaurus graciosus Long-tailed Brush Lizard Hallowell, 1854    
   Urosaurus graciosus graciosus Western Long-tailed Brush Lizard Hallowell, 1854    
Urosaurus nigricaudus Baja California Brush Lizard (Cope, 1864)    
Urosaurus ornatus Ornate Tree Lizard (Baird and Girard, 1852)    
   Urosaurus ornatus symmetricus Colorado River Tree Lizard (Baird, 1859 “1858”)    
         
Uta Side-blotched Lizards Baird and Girard, 1852    
Uta stansburiana Common Side-blotched Lizard Baird and Girard, 1852    
   Uta stansburiana elegans Western Side-blotched Lizard Yarrow, 1882    
   Uta stansburiana nevadensis Nevada Side-blotched Lizard Ruthven, 1913    
         
Phyllodactylidae Leaf-toed Geckos Gamble, Bauer, Greenbaum, & Jackman 2008  
         
Phyllodactylus Leaf-toed Geckos Gray, 1828    
  Phyllodactylus nocticolus Peninsular Leaf-toed Gecko Dixon, 1964    
         
Scincidae Skinks Gray, 1825    
         
Plestiodon Toothy Skinks Duméril and Bibron, 1839 Eumeces  
"Plestiodon gilberti" Gilbert's Skink (Van Denburgh, 1896) Eumeces gilberti  
   Plestiodon gilberti cancellosus Variegated Skink (Rodgers and Fitch, 1947) Eumeces gilberti cancellosus Endemic
   Plestiodon gilberti gilberti Greater Brown Skink (Van Denburgh, 1896) Eumeces gilberti gilberti Endemic
   Plestiodon gilberti placerensis Northern Brown Skink (Rodgers, 1944) Eumeces gilberti placerensis Endemic
   Plestiodon gilberti rubricaudatus Western Red-tailed Skink (Taylor, 1935) Eumeces gilberti rubricaudatus  
Plestiodon skiltonianus Western Skink Baird and Girard, 1852 Eumeces skiltonianus  
   Plestiodon skiltonianus interparietalis Coronado Skink (Tanner, 1958 “1957”) Eumeces skiltonianus interparietalis  
   Plestiodon skiltonianus skiltonianus Skilton's Skink Baird and Girard, 1852 Eumeces skiltonianus skiltonianus  
         
Teiidae Whiptails and Racerunners Gray, 1827    
         
Aspidoscelis Whiptails Fitzinger, 1843 Cnemidophorus  
Aspidoscelis hyperythra Orange-throated Whiptail (Cope, 1863) Cnemidophorus hyperythrus  
  Aspidoscelis hyperythra beldingi Belding's Orange-throated Whiptail (Stejneger, 1894) Cnemidophorus hyperythrus beldingi  
Aspidoscelis tigris Tiger Whiptail (Baird and Girard, 1852) Cnemidophorus tigris  
   Aspidoscelis tigris munda California Whiptail (Camp, 1916) Cnemidophorus tigris munda Endemic
   Aspidoscelis tigris stejnegeri Coastal Whiptail (Van Denburgh, 1894) Cnemidophorus tigris stejnegeri  
   Aspidoscelis tigris tigris Great Basin Whiptail (Baird and Girard, 1852) Cnemidophorus tigris tigri  
         
Xantusiidae Night Lizards Baird, 1858    
         
Xantusia Night Lizards Baird, 1859 “1858”    
Xantusia gracilis Sandstone Night Lizard Grismer and Galvan, 1986   Endemic
Xantusia henshawi Granite Night Lizard Stejneger, 1893    
Xantusia riversiana Island Night Lizard Cope, 1883    
  Xantusia riversiana reticulata San Clemente Night Lizard Smith, 1946   Endemic
  Xantusia riversiana riversiana San Nicolas Night Lizard Cope, 1883   Endemic
Xantusia sierrae Sierra Night Lizard Bezy, 1967   Endemic
Xantusia vigilis Desert Night Lizard Baird, 1859 “1858”    
Xantusia wigginsi Baja California Night Lizard Savage, 1952    
 
 
Alien Species
 
Dactyloidae Anoles Fitzinger, 1843    
         
Anolis Anoles Daudin, 1802    
Anolis carolinensis  (Alien Species) Green Anole (Voigt, 1832)    
Anolis sagrei Brown Anole Dumeril and Bibron, 1837    
   Anolis sagrei sagrei  (Alien Species)
Cuban Brown Anole Dumeril and Bibron, 1837    
         
Chamaeleonidae Chameleons Gray, 1825    
         
Chamaeleo Chameleons Laurenti, 1768    
Chamaeleo jacksonii  (Alien Species) Jackson's Chameleon Boulanger, 1896    
         
Gekkonidae Geckos Gray, 1825    
         
Hemidactylus House Geckos Gray, 1825    
Hemidactylus turcicus  (Alien Species) Mediterranean House Gecko (Linnaeus, 1758) Gray, 1825  
      Gray, 1825  
Tarentola Wall Geckos Gray, 1825    
Tarentola annularis  (Alien Species) White-spotted Wall Gecko (Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1827)    
Tarentola mauritanica  (Alien Species) Moorish Gecko (Linnaeus, 1758)    
         
Lacertidae Lacertid Lizards Cope, 1864    
         
Podarcis Wall Lizard Wagler, 1830    
Podarcis siculus Italian Wall Lizard (Rafinesque, 1810) = Podarcis sicula  
   Podarcis siculus siculus  (Alien Species) Southern Italian Wall Lizard (Rafinesque-Schmaltz, 1810)    
 
 
 
Common Name      
         
Alligator Lizards        
Northwestern Alligator Lizard        
San Francisco Alligator Lizard        
Shasta Alligator Lizard        
Sierra Alligator Lizard        
California Alligator Lizard        
Oregon Alligator Lizard        
San Diego Alligator Lizard        
Panamint Alligator Lizard        
         
Chuckwallas        
Common Chuckwalla        
         
Collared Lizards        
Baja California Collared Lizard        
Great Basin Collared Lizard        
         
Fringe-toed Lizards        
Coachella Valley Fringe-toed Lizard        
Mohave Fringe-toed Lizard        
Sonoran Fringe-toed Lizard        
         
Geckos        
Desert Banded Gecko        
Peninsular Banded Gecko        
Peninsular Leaf-toed Gecko        
San Diego Banded Gecko        
         
Gila Monster        
Banded Gila Monster        
         
Horned Lizards        
Blainville's (Coast) Horned Lizard        
Flat-tailed Horned Lizard        
Northern Desert Horned Lizard        
Pygmy Short-horned Lizard        
Southern Desert Horned Lizard        
         
Iguanas        
Northern Desert Iguana        
         
Legless Lizards        
California Legless Lizard        
         
Leopard Lizards        
Blunt-nosed Leopard Lizard        
Long-nosed Leopard Lizard        
         
Night Lizards        
Baja California Night Lizard        
Granite Night Lizard        
Sandstone Night Lizard        
Island Night Lizard        
San Clemente Night Lizard        
San Nicolas Night Lizard        
Desert Night Lizard        
Sierra Night Lizard        
Yucca Night Lizard        
         
Rock Lizards        
Mearns' Rock Lizard        
         
Sagebrush Lizards        
Western Sagebrush Lizard        
Northern Sagebrush Lizard        
Southern Sagebrush Lizard        
         
Side-blotched Lizards        
Nevada Side-blotched Lizard        
Western Side-blotched Lizard        
         
Skinks
       
         
Variegated Skink        
Greater Brown Skink        
Northern Brown Skink        
Western Red-tailed Skink        
Coronado Skink        
Skilton's Skink        
         
Spiny Lizards        
         
Yellow-backed Spiny Lizard        
Barred Spiny Lizard        
Granite Spiny Lizard        
Fence Lizards (Bluebellies, Swifts)        
Coast Range Fence Lizard        
Great Basin Fence Lizard        
Island Fence Lizard        
Northwestern Fence Lizard        
San Joaquin Fence Lizard        
Sierra Fence Lizard        
         
Tree and Brush Lizards        
Baja California Brush Lizard        
Colorado River Tree Lizard        
Long-tailed Brush Lizard        
         
Whiptails        
Belding's Orange Throated Whiptail        
California Whiptail        
Coastal Whiptail        
Great Basin Whiptail        
         
Zebra-tailed Lizards        
Western Zebra-tailed Lizard        
         
         
Alien Species        
         
Anoles        
Green Anole    (Alien Species)        
Cuban Brown Anole  (Alien Species)        
Geckos        
Mediterranean House Gecko  (Alien Species)        
Moorish Wall Gecko   (Alien Species)        
White-spotted Wall Gecko  (Alien Species)        
Chameleons        
Jackson's Chameleon    (Alien Species)        
Wall Lizards        
Southern Italian Wall Lizard   (Alien Species)        






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