CaliforniaHerps.com


California Salamanders



 

A Guide to the Amphibians
and Reptiles of California
   
Salamanders Word Cloud This is a complete llst of salamanders that occur naturally in California, including introduced species with well-established populations.


California's salamanders are listed by scientific name and sorted by family, genus, species, and subspecies if applicable.

They are listed by common name below the first list.

Follow the blue links to go to a page with information about each kind of turtle along with pictures of them and their habitat and maybe some videos.

The names used on this list are based mainly on the lists published by the Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles.

Scientific Name
Common Name Original Description Alternate Name CA Endemic
         
Order Caudata Salmanders Scopoli, 1777    
         
Ambystomatidae Mole Salamanders Gray, 1850    
         
Ambystoma Mole Salamanders Tschudi, 1838    
Ambystoma californiense California Tiger Salamander Gray, 1853   Endemic
Ambystoma gracile Northwestern Salamander (Baird, 1859)    
Ambystoma macrodactylum Long-toed Salamander Baird, 1849    
  Ambystoma macrodactylum croceum Santa Cruz Long-toed Salamander Russell and Anderson, 1956   Endemic
  Ambystoma macrodactylum sigillatum Southern Long-toed Salamander Ferguson, 1961    
  Ambystoma mavortium  (Alien Species) Barred Tiger Salamander Baird, 1850 “1849” Ambystoma tigrinum  
         
Dicamptodontidae Giant Salamanders Tihen, 1958 Ambystomatidae  
         
Dicamptodon Pacific Giant Salamanders Strauch, 1870    
Dicamptodon ensatus California Giant Salamander (Eschscholtz, 1833)   Endemic
Dicamptodon tenebrosus Coastal Giant Salamander (Baird and Girard, 1852)    
         
Plethodontidae Lungless Salamanders Gray, 1850    
         
Aneides Climbing Salamanders Baird, 1849    
Aneides ferreus Clouded Salamander Cope, 1869    
Aneides flavipunctatus Black Salamander (Strauch, 1870)    
  Aneides flavipunctatus flavipunctatus Speckled Black Salamander (Strauch, 1870)    
  Aneides flavipunctatus niger Santa Cruz Black Salamander Myers and Maslin, 1948   Endemic
Aneides lugubris Arboreal Salamander (Hallowell, 1849)    
Aneides vagrans Wandering Salamander Wake and Jackman, 1999    
         
Batrachoseps Slender Salamanders Bonaparte, 1841    
Batrachoseps altasierrae Greenhorn Mountains Slender Salamander Jockush, Martinez-Solano, Hansen, and Wake, 2012   Endemic
Batrachoseps attenuatus California Slender Salamander (Eschscholtz, 1833)    
Batrachoseps bramei Fairview Slender Salamander Jockush, Martinez-Solano, Hansen, and Wake, 2012   Endemic
Batrachoseps campi Inyo Mountains Slender Salamander Marlow, Brode & Wake, 1979   Endemic
Batrachoseps diabolicus Hell Hollow Slender Salamander Jockusch, Wake & Yanev, 1998   Endemic
Batrachoseps gabrieli San Gabriel Mountains Slender Salamander Wake, 1996   Endemic
Batrachoseps gavilanensis Gabilan Mountains Slender Salamander Jockusch, Yanev & Wake, 2001   Endemic
Batrachoseps gregarius Gregarious Slender Salamander Jockusch, Wake & Yanev 1998   Endemic
Batrachoseps incognitus San Simeon Slender Salamander Jockusch, Yanev & Wake, 2001   Endemic
Batrachoseps kawia Sequoia Slender Salamander Jockusch, Wake & Yanev 1998   Endemic
Batrachoseps luciae Santa Lucia Mountains Slender Salamander Jockusch, Yanev & Wake, 2001   Endemic
Batrachoseps major Southern California Slender Salamander Camp, 1915    
  Batrachoseps major aridus Desert Slender Salamander Brame, 1970   Endemic
  Batrachoseps major major Garden Slender Salamander Camp, 1915    
Batrachoseps minor Lesser Slender Salamander Jockusch, Yanev & Wake, 2001   Endemic
Batrachoseps nigriventris Black-bellied Slender Salamander Cope, 1869   Endemic
Batrachoseps pacificus Channel Islands Slender Salamander (Cope, 1865)   Endemic
Batrachoseps regius Kings River Slender Salamander Jockusch, Wake & Yanev, 1998   Endemic
Batrachoseps relictus Relictual Slender Salamander Brame & Murray, 1968   Endemic
Batrachoseps robustus Kern Plateau Slender Salamander Wake, Yanev, and Hansen, 2002   Endemic
Batrachoseps simatus
Kern Canyon Slender Salamander Brame & Murray, 1968   Endemic
Batrachoseps stebbinsi Tehachapi Slender Salamander Brame & Murray, 1968   Endemic
         
Ensatina Ensatinas Gray, 1850    
Ensatina eschscholtzii Ensatina Gray, 1850    
  Ensatina eschscholtzii croceater Yellow-blotched Ensatina (Cope, 1867)   Endemic
  Ensatina eschscholtzii eschscholtzii Monterey Ensatina Gray, 1850    
  Ensatina eschscholtzii klauberi Large-blotched Ensatina Dunn, 1929    
  Ensatina eschscholtzii oregonensis Oregon Ensatina (Girard, 1856)    
  Ensatina eschscholtzii picta Painted Ensatina Wood, 1940    
  Ensatina eschscholtzii platensis Sierra Nevada Ensatina (Espada, 1875)   Endemic
  Ensatina eschscholtzii xanthoptica Yellow-eyed Ensatina Stebbins, 1949   Endemic
         
Hydromantes Web-toed Salamanders Gistel, 1848    
Hydromantes brunus Limestone Salamander Gorman, 1954   Endemic
Hydromantes platycephalus Mount Lyell Salamander (Camp, 1916)   Endemic
Hydromantes shastae Shasta Salamander Gorman and Camp, 1953   Endemic
         
Plethodon Woodland Salamanders Tschudi, 1838    
Plethodon asupak Scott Bar Salamander Mead, Clayton, Nauman, Olson and Pfrender, 2005   Endemic
Plethodon dunni Dunn's Salamander Bishop, 1934    
Plethodon elongatus Del Norte Salamander Van Denburgh, 1916    
Plethodon stormi Siskiyou Mountains Salamander Highton and Brame, 1965    
         
Rhyacotritonidae Torrent Salamanders Tihen, 1958    
         
Rhyacotriton Torrent Salamanders Dunn, 1920    
Rhyacotriton variegatus Southern Torrent Salamander Stebbins and Lowe, 1951    
         
Salamandridae Newts Goldfuss, 1820    
         
Taricha Pacific Newts Gray, 1850    
Taricha granulosa Rough-skinned Newt (Skilton, 1849)    
Taricha rivularis Red-bellied Newt (Twitty, 1935)   Endemic
Taricha sierrae Sierra Newt (Twitty, 1942) Taricha torosa sierrae -
Sierra Newt
Endemic
Taricha torosa California Newt (Rathke, in Eschscholtz, 1833) Taricha torosa torosa -
California Newt
Endemic
 
 
Alien Species

Ambystomatidae Mole Salamanders Gray, 1850    
         
Ambystoma Mole Salamanders Tschudi, 1838    
  Ambystoma mavortium  (Alien Species) Barred Tiger Salamander Baird, 1850 “1849” Ambystoma tigrinum  
 
 
 
Common Name        
         
Mole Salamanders        
Northwestern Salamander        
Tiger Salamanders        
California Tiger Salamander        
Long-toed Salamanders        
Santa Cruz Long-toed Salamander        
Southern Long-toed Salamander        
         
Giant Salamanders        
California Giant Salamander        
Coastal Giant Salamander        
         
Newts        
Red-bellied Newt        
Rough-skinned Newt        
California Newt        
Sierra Newt        
         
Lungless Salamanders        
         
Climbing Salamanders        
Arboreal Salamander        
Clouded Salamander        
Santa Cruz Black Salamander        
Speckled Black Salamander        
Wandering Salamander        
Slender Salamanders        
Black-bellied Slender Salamander        
California Slender Salamander        
Channel Islands Slender Salamander        
Desert Slender Salamander        
Gabilan Mountains Slender Salamander        
Garden Slender Salamander        
Gregarious Slender Salamander        
Hell Hollow Slender Salamander        
Inyo Mountains Slender Salamander        
Kern Canyon Slender Salamander        
Kern Plateau Slender Salamander        
Kings River Slender Salamander        
Lesser Slender Salamander        
Relictual Slender Salamander        
San Gabriel Slender Salamander        
San Simeon Slender Salamander        
Santa Lucia Mountains Slender Salamander        
Sequoia Slender Salamander        
Tehachapi Slender Salamander        
Ensatina        
Large-blotched Ensatina        
Monterey Ensatina        
Oregon Ensatina        
Painted Ensatina        
Sierra Nevada Ensatina        
Yellow-blotched Ensatina        
Yellow-eyed Ensatina        
Web-toed Salamanders        
Limestone Salamander        
Mount Lyell Salamander        
Shasta Salamander        
Woodland Salamanders        
Del Norte Salamander        
Dunn's Salamander        
Scott Bar Salamander        
Siskiyou Mountains Salamander        
         
Torrent Salamanders        
Southern Torrent Salamander        
         
         
Alien Species        
Barred Tiger Salamander   (Alien Species)        
         






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