This is a List of all of the Different Types of Salamanders
Shown on this Web Site from California and Elsewhere

Click on a name link for pictures and information.
If there is more than one page for a species, there are additional links to the right of the scientific name.
This list is alphabetized by genus. Species are listed alphabetically under genus.

Click on a thumbnail to see a larger picture.

Shortcuts to Genus
Scientific Name Common Name Original Description Picture Alternate Name
Order Caudata Salamanders Scopoli, 1777    
Ambystoma Mole Salamanders Tschudi, 1838    
Ambystoma californiense California Tiger Salamander Gray, 1853 CA Tiger Salamander  
Ambystoma gracile (CA) + (NW) Northwestern Salamander (Baird, 1859) Northwestern Salamander  
Ambystoma macrodactylum Long-toed Salamander Baird, 1849    
  Ambystoma macrodactylum columbianum Central Long-toed Salamander Ferguson, 1961 Central Long-toed Salamander Columbia Long-toed Salamander
  Ambystoma macrodactylum croceum Santa Cruz Long-toed Salamander Russell and Anderson, 1956 Santa Cruz Long-toed Salamander  
  Ambystoma macrodactylum macrodactylum Western Long-toed Salamander Baird, 1849 Western Long-toed Salamander  
  Ambystoma macrodactylum sigillatum Southern Long-toed Salamander Ferguson, 1961 Southern Long-toed Salamander  
Ambystoma maculatum Spotted Salamander (Shaw, 1802) Spotted Salamander  
Ambystoma mavortium Western Tiger Salamander Baird, 1850 “1849”    
Ambystoma mavortium (CA) Western Tiger Salamander Baird, 1850 “1849” Barred Tiger Salamander = Ambystoma tigrinum
  Ambystoma mavortium mavortium Barred Tiger Salamander Baird, 1850 “1849” Barred Tiger Salamander

Tiger Salamander Hybrid

Barred Tiger Salamander
= Ambystoma tigrinum
  Ambystoma mavortium melanostictum Blotched Tiger Salamander (Baird, 1860) Blotched Tiger Salamander = Ambystoma tigrinum
  Ambystoma mavortium nebulosum Arizona Tiger Salamander Hallowell, 1852 Arizona Tiger Salamander = Ambystoma tigrinum
Ambystoma opacum Mabled Salamander Gravenhorst (1807) Green Salamander  
Aneides Climbing Salamanders Baird, 1851    
Aneides aeneus Green Salamander (Cope and Packard, 1881) Salamander  
Aneides ferreus (CA) + (NW) Clouded Salamander Cope, 1869 Clouded Salamander  
Aneides flavipunctatus Speckled Black Salamander (Strauch, 1870) Speckled Black Salamander = Aneides flavipunctatus flavipunctatus
Aneides hardii Sacramento Mountains Salamander (Taylor, 1941) Salamander  
Aneides iecanus Shasta Black Salamander (Cope 1883) Speckled Black Salamander = Aneides flavipunctatus flavipunctatus
Aneides klamathensis CA + NW Klamath Black Salamander Stebbins, 1951 & Dubois and Raffaelli, 2009 Speckled Black Salamander = Aneides flavipunctatus flavipunctatus
Aneides lugubris Arboreal Salamander (Hallowell, 1849) Arboreal Salamander

Arboreal Salamander

Arboreal Salamander
Aneides niger Santa Cruz Black Salamander Myers and Maslin, 1948 Santa Cruz Black Salamander = Aneides flavipunctatus niger
Aneides vagrans Wandering Salamander Wake and Jackman, 1999 Wandering Salamander  
Batrachoseps Slender Salamanders Bonaparte, 1841    
Batrachoseps altasierrae Greenhorn Mountains Slender Salamander Jockush, Martinez-Solano, Hansen, and Wake, 2012 Greenhorn Mountains Slender Salamander  
Batrachoseps attenuatus (CA) + (NW) California Slender Salamander (Eschscholtz, 1833) California Slender Salamander
California Slender Salamander
Batrachoseps bramei Fairview Slender Salamander Jockush, Martinez-Solano, Hansen, and Wake, 2012 Fairview Slender Salamander  
Batrachoseps campi Inyo Mountains Slender Salamander Marlow, Brode & Wake, 1979 Inyo Mountains Slender Salamander

Inyo Mountains Slender Salamander
Batrachoseps diabolicus Hell Hollow Slender Salamander Jockusch, Wake & Yanev, 1998 Hell Hollow Slender Salamander  
Batrachoseps gabrieli San Gabriel Mountains Slender Salamander Wake, 1996 San Gabriel Mountains Slender Salamander  
Batrachoseps gavilanensis Gabilan Mountains Slender Salamander Jockusch, Yanev & Wake, 2001 Gabilan Mountains Slender Salamander  
Batrachoseps gregarius Gregarious Slender Salamander Jockusch, Wake & Yanev 1998 Gregarious Slender Salamander  
Batrachoseps incognitus San Simeon Slender Salamander Jockusch, Yanev & Wake, 2001 San Simeon Slender Salamander  
Batrachoseps kawia Sequoia Slender Salamander Jockusch, Wake & Yanev 1998 Sequoia Slender Salamander  
Batrachoseps luciae Santa Lucia Mountains Slender Salamander Jockusch, Yanev & Wake, 2001 Santa Lucia Mountains Slender Salamander  
Batrachoseps major Southern California Slender Salamander Camp, 1915    
  Batrachoseps major aridus Desert Slender Salamander Brame, 1970 Desert Slender Salamander  
  Batrachoseps major major (CA) + (BC) Garden Slender Salamander Camp, 1915 Garden Slender Salamander  
Batrachoseps minor Lesser Slender Salamander Jockusch, Yanev & Wake, 2001 Lesser Slender Salamander  
Batrachoseps nigriventris Black-bellied Slender Salamander Cope, 1869 Black-bellied Slender Salamander  
Batrachoseps pacificus Channel Islands Slender Salamander (Cope, 1865) Channel Islands Slender Salamander  
Batrachoseps regius Kings River Slender Salamander Jockusch, Wake & Yanev, 1998 Kings River Slender Salamander  
Batrachoseps relictus Relictual Slender Salamander Brame & Murray, 1968 Relictual Slender Salamander  
Batrachoseps robustus Kern Plateau Slender Salamander Wake, Yanev, and Hansen, 2002 Kern Plateau Slender Salamander  
Batrachoseps simatus
Kern Canyon Slender Salamander Brame & Murray, 1968 Kern Canyon Slender Salamander  
Batrachoseps stebbinsi Tehachapi Slender Salamander Brame & Murray, 1968 Tehachapi Slender Salamander

Tehachapi Slender Salamander
Batrachoseps wakei Arguello Slender Salamander Sweet & Jockusch, 2021 © Robert Hansen  
Batrachoseps wrighti Oregon Slender Salamander (Bishop, 1937) Salamander Batrachoseps wrightorum
Cryptobranchus Hellbender Leuckart, 1821    
Cryptobranchus alleganiensis Hellbender (Daudin, 1803)    
  Cryptobranchus alleganiensis alleganiensis Eastern Hellbender Daudin 1803 Green Salamander  
Desmognathus Dusky Salamanders Baird, 1850    
Desmognathus aeneus Seepage Salamander Brown and Bishop, 1947 Salamander  
Desmognathus carolinensis Carolina Mountain Dusky Salamander Dunn, 1916 Salamander  
Desmognathus folkertsi Dwarf Black-bellied Salamander Camp, Tilley, Austin, and Marshall, 2002 Salamander  
Desmognathus fuscus Northern Dusky Salamander (Rafinesque, 1820) Salamander  
Desmognathus imitator Imitator Salamander Dunn, 1927 Salamander  
Desmognathus monticola Seal Salamander Dunn, 1916 Salamander  
Desmognathus ochrophaeus Allegheny Mountain Dusky Salamander Cope, 1859 Salamander  
Desmognathus ocoee Ocoee Salamander Nicholls, 1949 Salamander  
Desmognathus orestes Blue Ridge Dusky Salamander Tilley and Mahoney, 1996 Salamander  
Desmognathus organi Northern Pygmy Salamander Crespi, Brown, and Rissler, 2010 formerly Desmognathus wrighti
Desmognathus quadramaculatus Black-bellied Salamander (Holbrook, 1840) Salamander  
Desmognathus santeetlah Santeetlah Dusky Salamander Tilley, 1981 Salamander  
Desmognathus wrighti Pygmy Salamander King 1936 Green Salamander  
Dicamptodon Pacific Giant Salamanders Strauch, 1870    
Dicamptodon aterrimus Idaho Giant Salamander (Cope, 1868) Salamander  
Dicamptodon copei Cope's Giant Salamander Nussbaum, 1970  
Dicamptodon ensatus California Giant Salamander (Eschscholtz, 1833) California Giant Salamander  
Dicamptodon tenebrosus (CA) + (NW) Coastal Giant Salamander (Baird and Girard, 1852) Coastal Giant Salamander  
Ensatina Ensatinas Gray, 1850    
Ensatina eschscholtzii Ensatina Gray, 1850    
  Ensatina eschscholtzii croceater Yellow-blotched Ensatina (Cope, 1867) Yellow-blotched Ensatina  
  Ensatina eschscholtzii eschscholtzii Monterey Ensatina Gray, 1850 Monterey Ensatina  
  Ensatina eschscholtzii klauberi Large-blotched Ensatina Dunn, 1929 Large-blotched Ensatina  
  Ensatina eschscholtzii oregonensis (CA) + (NW) Oregon Ensatina (Girard, 1856) Oregon Ensatina
Oregon Ensatina
  Ensatina eschscholtzii picta (CA) + (NW) Painted Ensatina Wood, 1940 Painted Ensatina  
  Ensatina eschscholtzii platensis Sierra Nevada Ensatina (Espada, 1875) Sierra Nevada Ensatina  
  Ensatina eschscholtzii xanthoptica Yellow-eyed Ensatina Stebbins, 1949 Yellow-eyed Ensatina  
Eurycea Brook Salamanders Rafinesque, 1822    
Eurycea bislineata Northern Two-lined Salamander (Green, 1818) Salamander  
Eurycea cirrigera Southern Two-lined Salamander (Green, 1830) Salamander  
Eurycea guttolineata Three-lined Salamander Holbrook 1838 Northern Two-lined Salamander  
Eurycea longicauda longicauda Eastern Long-tailed Salamander Green 1818 Northern Two-lined Salamander  
Eurycea lucifuga Cave Salamander Rafinesque, 1822 Salamander  
Eurycea nana San Marcos Salamander Bishop, 1941  
Eurycea rathbuni Texas Blind Salamander (Stejneger, 1896)  Salamander  
Eurycea sosorum Barton Springs Salamander Chippindale, Price and Hillis, 1993 Salamander  
Eurycea troglodytes complex (Spring Salamander) Baker, 1957 Salamander Valdina Farms Salamander
Eurycea wilderae Blue Ridge Two-lined Salamander Dunn, 1920 Salamander  
Gyrinophilus Spring Salamanders Cope, 1869    
Grinophilus porphyriticus Spring Salamander (Green, 1827)    
  Gyrinophilus porphyriticus danielsi Blue Ridge Spring Salamander (Blatchley, 1901) Salamander  
  Gyrinophilus porphyriticus dunni Carolina Spring Salamander Mittleman and Jopson, 1941 Salamander  
  Gyrinophilus porphyriticus porphyriticus Northern Spring Salamander (Green, 1827) Salamander  
Hydromantes Web-toed Salamanders Gistel, 1848    
Hydromantes brunus
Limestone Salamander Gorman, 1954 Limestone Salamander

Limestone Salamander
Hydromantes platycephalus Mount Lyell Salamander (Camp, 1916) Mount Lyell Salamander

Mount Lyell Salamander
Owens Valley Web-toed Salamander
Hydromantes samweli Samwel Shasta Salamander Bingham, Papenfuss, Lindstrand III, and Wake, 2018 Shasta Salamander

Shasta Salamander
Hydromantes shastae Shasta Salamander Gorman and Camp, 1953 No picture available.
Identical to Hydromates samweli

Hydromantes wintu Wintu Shasta Salamander Bingham, Papenfuss, Lindstrand III, and Wake, 2018 No picture available.
Identical to Hydromates samweli

Ichthyosaura   Latreille, 1801    
Ichthyosaura alpestris Alpine Newt (Laurenti, 1768) Green Salamander Triturus alpestris
Mesotriton alpestris
Notophthalmus Eastern Newts Rafinesque, 1820    
Notophthalmus meridionalis Black-spotted Newt (Cope, 1880)    
  Notophthalmus meridionalis meridionalis Texas Black-spotted Newt (Cope, 1880) Salamander  
Notophthalmus viridescens Eastern Newt (Rafinesque, 1820)    
  Notophthalmus viridescens viridescens Red-spotted Newt (Rafinesque, 1820) Salamander

Red-spotted Newt
Phaeognathus Red Hills Salamanders Highton, 1961    
Phaeognathus hubrichti Red Hills Salamander Highton, 1961 Salamander  
Plethodon Woodland Salamanders Tschudi, 1838    
Plethodon albagula Western Slimy Salamander Grobman, 1944 Salamander  
Plethodon asupak Scott Bar Salamander Mead, Clayton, Nauman, Olson and Pfrender, 2005 Scott Bar Salamander  
Plethodon aureolis Tellico Salamander Highton, 1983 Salamander  
Plethodon chattahoochee Chattahoochee Slimy Salamander Highton, 1989 Salamander  
Plethodon cheoah Cheoah Bald Salamander Highton and Peabody, 2000 Salamander  
Plethodon cinereus Eastern Red-backed Salamander (Green, 1818) Salamander  
Plethodon cylindraceus White-spotted Slimy Salamander (Harlan, 1825) Salamander  
Plethodon dorsalis Northern Zigzag Salamander Cope, 1889 Salamanders  
Plethodon dunni (CA) + (NW) Dunn's Salamander Bishop, 1934 Dunn's Salamander  
Plethodon elongatus (CA) + (NW) Del Norte Salamander Van Denburgh, 1916 Del Norte Salamander
Del Norte Salamander
Plethodon glutinosus Northern Slimy Salamander (Green, 1818) Salamander  
Plethodon hubrichti Peaks of Otter Salamander Thurow, 1957 Salamander  
Plethodon idahoensis Coeur d'Alene Salamander Slater and Slipp, 1940 Salamander  
Plethodon jordani Red-cheeked Salamander Blatchley, 1901 Salamander  
Plethodon kentucki Cumberland Plateau Salamander Mittleman, 1951 Salamander  
Plethodon larselli Larch Mountain Salamander Burns, 1954 Salamander  
Plethodon metcalfi Southern Graycheek Salamander Brimley, 1912 Salamander  
Plethodon montanus Northern Graycheek Salamander Highton and Peabody, 2000 Salamander  
Plethodon neomexicanus Jemez Mountains Salamander Stebbins and Riemer, 1950 Salamander  
Plethodon nettingi Cheat Mountain Salamander Green, 1938 Salamander  
Plethodon petraeus Pigeon Mountain Salamander Wynn, Highton and Jacobs, 1988 Salamander  
Plethodon punctatus Cow Knob Salamander Highton, 1971 Salamander White-spotted Salamander
Plethodon richmondi Southern Ravine Salamander Netting and Mittleman 1938 Green Salamander  
Plethodon shenandoah Shenandoah Salamander Highton and Worthington, 1967 Salamander  
Plethodon shermani Red-legged Salamander Stejneger, 1906 Salamander  
Plethodon stormi Siskiyou Mountains Salamander Highton and Brame, 1965 Siskiyou Mountains Salamander  
Plethodon teyahalee Southern Appalachian Salamander Hairston, 1950 Salamander  
Plethodon vandykei Van Dyke's Salamander Van Denburgh, 1906 Salamander

Plethodon vehiculum Western Red-backed Salamander (Cooper, 1860) Salamander

Plethodon virginia Shenandoah Mountain Salamander Highton, 1999 Salamander  
Plethodon wehrlei Wehrle's Salamander Fowler and Dunn, 1917 Salamander  
Plethodon welleri Weller's Salamander Walker, 1931 Salamander  
Plethodon yonahlossee Yonahlossee Salamander Dunn, 1917 Salamander

Pseudotriton Red and Mud Salamanders Tschudi, 1838    
Pseudotriton ruber Red Salamander (Latreille, 1801)    
  Pseudotriton ruber ruber Northern Red Salamander Latreille 1801 Green Salamander  
  Pseudotriton ruber schenki Black-chinned Red Salamander (Brimley, 1912) Salamander  
Rhyacotriton Torrent Salamanders Dunn, 1920    
Rhyacotriton cascadae Cascade Torrent Salamander Good and Wake, 1992 Salamander  
Rhyacotriton kezeri Columbia Torrent Salamander Good and Wake, 1992 Salamander  
Rhyacotriton olympicus Olympic Torrent Salamander (Gaige, 1917) Salamander  
Rhyacotriton variegatus Southern Torrent Salamander Stebbins and Lowe, 1951 Southern Torrent Salamander  
Taricha Pacific Newts Gray, 1850    
Taricha granulosa (CA) + (NW) Rough-skinned Newt (Skilton, 1849) Rough-skinned Newt
Rough-skinned Newt
Taricha rivularis Red-bellied Newt (Twitty, 1935) Red-bellied Newt

Red-bellied Newt
Taricha sierrae   Sierra Newt (Twitty, 1942) Sierra Newt formerly Taricha torosa sierrae
Taricha torosa   California Newt    (Rathke, in Eschscholtz, 1833) California Newt  formerly Taricha torosa torosa
Coast Range Newt
If a salamander is listed more than once, one of the symbols below will be added to indicate which region the listing covers.

CA = California page
BC = Baja California page
NW = Northwest page
TX = Texas page
SW = Southwest Page
MISC = Any areas not listed above

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