CaliforniaHerps.com


California Turtles



 

A Guide to the Amphibians
and Reptiles of California
   
Turtles Word Cloud This is a complete llst of Turtles that occur naturally in California, including alien species with well-established populations.


California's turtles are listed here by scientific name and sorted by family, genus, species, and subspecies if applicable.

They are listed by common name below the first list.

Follow the blue links to go to a page with information about each kind of turtle along with pictures of them and their habitat and maybe some videos.

The names used on this list are based mainly on the lists published by the Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles.

Scientific Name
Common Name Original Description Alternate Name
       
Order Testudines Turtles Linnaeus, 1758 Chelonii
       
Cheloniidae Sea Turtles Oppel, 1811  
       
Caretta Loggerhead Sea Turtles Rafinesque, 1814  
Caretta caretta Loggerhead Sea Turtle (Linnaeus, 1758)  
       
Chelonia Green Sea Turtles Brongniart, 1800  
Chelonia mydas Green Sea Turtle (Linnaeus, 1758)  
       
Eretmochelys Hawksbill Sea Turtles Fitzinger 1843  
Eretmochelys imbricata Hawksbill Sea Turtle (Linnaeus, 1766)  
  Eretmochelys imbricata bissa Pacific Hawksbill Sea Turtle (Rüppell, 1835)  
       
Lepidochelys Ridley Sea turtles Fitzinger, 1843  
Lepidochelys olivacea Olive Ridley Sea Turtle (Eschscholtz, 1829)  
       
Dermochelyidae Leatherback Sea Turtles Fitzinger, 1843  
       
Dermochelys Leatherback Sea Turtle Blainville, 1816  
Dermochelys coriacea Leatherback Sea Turtle (Vandelli, 1761)  
       
Emydidae Box and Basking Turtles Gray, 1825  
       
Actinemys Western Pond Turtles Agassiz, 1857 Clemmys, and Emys
Actinemys marmorata
Northern Western Pond Turtle (Baird and Girard, 1852) Western Pond Turtle - Actinemys marmorata
Actinemys pallida Southern Western Pond Turtle (Seeliger 1945) Western Pond Turtle - Actinemys marmorata
       
Kinosternidae Mud and Musk Turtles Agassiz, 1857  
       
Kinosternon American Mud Turtles Spix, 1824  
Kinosternon sonoriense Sonoran Mud Turtle LeConte, 1854  
  Kinosternon sonoriense sonoriense  (Extinct in CA) Desert Mud Turtle LeConte, 1854 Sonoran Mud Turtle, Sonora Mud Turtle
       
Testudinidae Tortoises Gray, 1825  
       
Gopherus Gopher Tortoises Rafinesque, 1832  
Gopherus agassizii Mohave Desert Tortoise (Cooper, 1863) Agassiz's Desert Tortoise
       
       
Alien Species      
       
Chelydridae Snapping Turtles Gray, 1870  
       
Chelydra Snapping Turtles Schweigger, 1812  
Chelydra serpentina  Snapping Turtle (Linnaeus, 1758) Common Snapping Turtle
       
Emydidae Box and Basking Turtles Gray, 1825  
       
Chrysemys Painted Turtles Gray, 1844  
Chrysemys picta Painted Turtle (Schneider, 1783)  
  Chrysemys picta bellii Western Painted Turtle (Gray, 1831)  
       
Trachemys Sliders Agassiz, 1857  
Trachemys scripta Pond Slider (Schoepff, 1792)  
  Trachemys scripta elegans Red-eared Slider (Wied-Neuwied, 1838)  
       
Trionychidae Softshells Bell, 1828  
       
Apalone North American Softshells Rafinesque, 1832  
Apalone spinifera Spiny Softshell (LeSueur, 1827)  
  Apalone spinifera emoryi  Texas Spiny Softshell (Agassiz, 1857)  




     
Common Name      
       
Native Freshwater and Land Turtles      
Northern Western Pond Turtle      
Southern Western Pond Turtle      
Sonora Mud Turtle   (Extinct in CA)      
Desert Tortoise      
       
Sea Turtles      
Green Seaturtle      
Leatherback Seaturtle      
Loggerhead Seaturtle      
Olive Ridley Seaturtle      
Pacific Hawksbill Seaturtle      
       
Alien Species      
Snapping Turtle       
Red-eared Slider      
Texas Spiny Softshell      
Western Painted Turtle      





     


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