California Frogs and Toads



CaliforniaHerps.com
This is a complete llst of frogs and toads that occur naturally in California, including introduced species with well-established populations.

Frogs and toads are are listed by scientific name and sorted by family, genus, species, and subspecies if applicable.
They are listed below on a second list by common name only.
The blue links lead to an information page for each type of frog or toad found in California.
Follow the links for information about each animal along with pictures of animals and their habitat and some videos.

(This list is based mainly on the lists published by the Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles).

A Guide to the Amphibians
and Reptiles of California



 

Scientific Name
Common Name Original Description Alternate Name CA Endemic Sounds
           
Order Anura Frogs Duméril, 1806 (as Anoures)      
           
Bufonidae True Toads Gray, 1825      
           
Anaxyrus North American Toads Tschudi, 1845 Bufo    
Anaxyrus boreas Western Toad (Baird and Girard, 1852) Bufo boreas    
 Anaxyrus boreas boreas Boreal Toad (Baird and Girard, 1852) Bufo boreas boreas   Sounds
 Anaxyrus boreas halophilus California Toad (Baird and Girard, 1853) Bufo boreas halophilus - California Toad   Sounds
Anaxyrus californicus Arroyo Toad (Camp, 1915) Bufo californicus   Sounds
Anaxyrus canorus Yosemite Toad (Camp, 1916) Bufo canorus Endemic Sounds
Anaxyrus cognatus Great Plains Toad (Say, 1822) Bufo cognatus   Sounds
Anaxyrus exsul Black Toad (Myers, 1942) Bufo exsul Endemic Sounds
Anaxyrus microscaphus  (Extinct in CA) Arizona Toad (Cope, 1866) Bufo microscaphus   Sounds
Anaxyrus punctatus Red-spotted Toad Baird and Girard, 1852) Bufo punctatus   Sounds
Anaxyrus woodhousii Woodhouse's Toad (Girard, 1854) Bufo woodhousii    
 Anaxyrus woodhousii woodhousii Rocky Mountain Toad (Girard, 1854) Bufo woodhousii woodhousii   Sounds
           
Incilius Central American Toads Cope, 1863      
Incilius alvarius  (Extinct in CA) Sonoran Desert Toad (Girard, 1859) Bufo alvarius, Ollotis alvaria   Sounds
           
Hylidae Treefrogs Laurenti, 1768      
           
Pseudacris Chorus Frogs Fitzinger, 1843 Hyla    
Pseudacris cadaverina California Treefrog (Cope, 1866)     Sounds
Pseudacris hypochondriaca
Baja California Treefrog (Hallowell, 1854)  Pseudacris regilla (or Hyla regilla) -
Pacific Treefrog or Pacific Chorus Frog
  Sounds
Pseudacris regilla Northern Pacific Treefrog (Baird and Girard, 1852)  Pseudacris regilla (or Hyla regilla) -
Pacific Treefrog or Pacific Chorus Frog
  Sounds
Pseudacris sierra
Sierran Treefrog (Jameson, Mackey, and Richmond, 1966)  Pseudacris regilla (or Hyla regilla) -
Pacific Treefrog or Pacific Chorus Frog
  Sounds
           
Leiopelmatidae Tail-wagging Frogs Mivart, 1869      
           
Ascaphus Tailed Frogs Stejneger, 1899      
Ascaphus truei Coastal Tailed Frog Stejneger, 1899      
           
Ranidae True Frogs Rafinesque, 1814      
           
Lithobates American Water Frogs Fitzinger, 1843      
Lithobates pipiens  (Natives and Aliens) Northern Leopard Frog Schreber, 1782 Rana pipiens   Sounds
Lithobates yavapaiensis  (Extinct in CA) Lowland Leopard Frog Platz and Frost, 1984 Rana yavapaiensis   Sounds
           
Rana Brown Frogs Linnaeus, 1758      
Rana aurora Northern Red-legged Frog Baird and Girard, 1852     Sounds
Rana boylii Foothill Yellow-legged Frog Baird, 1854     Sounds
Rana cascadae Cascades Frog Slater, 1939     Sounds
Rana draytonii California Red-legged Frog Baird and Girard, 1852     Sounds
Rana luteiventris Columbia Spotted Frog Thompson, 1913     Sounds
Rana muscosa Southern Mountain Yellow-legged Frog Camp, 1917   Endemic  
Rana pretiosa Oregon Spotted Frog Baird and Girard, 1853     Sounds
Rana sierrae Sierra Nevada Yellow-legged Frog Camp, 1917 Formerly Rana muscosa - Mountain Yellow-legged Frog   Sounds
           
Scaphiopodidae North American Spadefoots Cope, 1865      
           
Scaphiopus North American Spadefoots Holbrook, 1836      
Scaphiopus couchii Couch's Spadefoot Baird, 1854     Sounds
           
Spea Western Spadefoots Cope, 1866      
Spea hammondii Western Spadefoot (Baird, 1859 “1857”)     Sounds
Spea intermontana Great Basin Spadefoot (Cope, 1883)     Sounds
           
           
Alien Species
           
Ranidae True Frogs Rafinesque, 1814      
           
Lithobates American Water Frogs Fitzinger, 1843      
Lithobates berlandieri  (Alien Species) Rio Grande Leopard Frog Baird, 1854 Rana berlandieri   Sounds
Lithobates catesbeianus  (Alien Species) American Bullfrog Shaw, 1802 Rana catesbeiana   Sounds
Lithobates sphenocephalus (Alien Species) Southern Leopard Frog Cope, 1886 Rana sphenocephala   Sounds
           
Pipidae Tongueless Frogs Bonaparte, 1831      
           
Xenopus Clawed Frogs Wagler, 1827      
Xenopus laevis  (Alien Species) African Clawed Frog (Daudin, 1802)     Sounds
           

 
Common Name
         
           
Toads          
Arizona Toad  (Extinct in CA)          
Arroyo Toad          
Black Toad          
Boreal Toad          
California Toad          
Great Plains Toad          
Red-spotted Toad          
Rocky Mountain Toad          
Sonoran Desert Toad (Extinct in CA)          
Yosemite Toad          
           
Frogs          
California Red-legged Frog          
Cascades Frog          
Coastal Tailed Frog          
Columbia Spotted Frog          
Foothill Yellow-legged Frog          
Lowland Leopard Frog  (Extinct in CA)          
Mountain Yellow-legged Frog          
Northern Leopard Frog (Natives and Aliens)
         
Northern Red-legged Frog          
Oregon Spotted Frog          
Southern Mountain Yellow-legged Frog          
Treefrogs          
Baja California Treefrog          
California Treefrog          
Northern Pacific Tree Frog          
Sierran Treefrog          
           
Spadefoots          
Couch's Spadefoot          
Great Basin Spadefoot          
Western Spadefoot          
           
Alien Species          
African Clawed Frog  (Alien Species)          
American Bullfrog  (Alien Species)          
Rio Grande Leopard Frog  (Alien Species)          
Southern Leopard Frog  (Alien Species)          







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