This is a List of all of the Different Types of Frogs and Toads Shown on this Web Site
from California and Elsewhere

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If there are multiple pages for a single species, there will be additional links next to the scientific name.
Species are listed alphabetically under the genus. The genera are also listed alphabetically.

Click on a name link to see the photos.
Click on "sounds" if present to go to a page where you can listen to the sounds of a species of frog or toad.

Scientific Name Common Name Original Description Alternate Name Sounds
Order Anura Frogs Duméril, 1806 (as Anoures)    
Acris  Cricket Frogs Duméril and Bibron, 1841    
Acris blanchardi Blanchard's Cricket Frog Harper, 1947 formerly A. crepitans Sounds
Acris crepitans Eastern Cricket Frog Baird, 1854 Sounds Only
Acris gryllus Southern Cricket Frog (LeConte, 1825)   Sounds
Anaxyrus North American Toads Tschudi, 1845 Bufo  
Anaxyrus americanus American Toad (Holbrook, 1836)    
  Anaxyrus americanus americanus Eastern American Toad (Holbrook, 1836) Bufo americanus americanus Sounds
Anaxyrus boreas Western Toad (Baird and Girard, 1852)    
   Anaxyrus boreas boreas (CA) + (NW) Boreal Toad (Baird and Girard, 1852) Bufo boreas boreas Sounds
  Anaxyrus boreas halophilus (CA) + (BC) California Toad (Baird and Girard, 1853 Bufo boreas halophilus - California Toad Sounds
Anaxyrus californicus (CA) + (BC) Arroyo Toad (Camp, 1915) Bufo californicus Sounds
Anaxyrus canorus Yosemite Toad (Camp, 1916) Bufo canorus Sounds
Anaxyrus cognatus (CA) + (SW) Great Plains Toad (Say, 1823) Bufo cognatus Sounds
Anaxyrus debilis Green Toad (Girard, 1854)    
  Anaxyrus debilis insidior Western Chihuahuan Green Toad (Girard, 1854) Bufo debilis insidior
Western Green Toad
Anaxyrus exsul Black Toad (Myers, 1942) Bufo exsul Sounds
Anaxyrus fowleri Fowler's Toad Hinckley (1882) Bufo foweri  
Anaxyrus hemiophrys Canadian Toad (Cope, 1886) Bufo hemiophrys Sounds
Anaxyrus houstonensis Houston Toad (Sanders, 1953) Bufo houstonensis Sounds
Anaxyrus microscaphus (CA) + (SW) Arizona Toad (Cope, 1866) Bufo microscaphus Sounds
Anaxyrus nelsoni Amargosa Toad (Stejneger, 1893) Bufo nelsoni Sounds
Anaxyrus punctatus (CA) + (SW) + (BC) + (TX) Red-spotted Toad (Baird and Girard, 1852) Bufo punctatus Sounds
Anaxyrus quercicus Oak Toad Holbrook (1840) Bufo quercicus  
Anaxyrus retiformis Sonoran Green Toad (Sanders and Smith, 1951) Bufo retiformis Sounds
Anaxyrus speciosus Texas Toad (Girard, 1854) Bufo speciosus Sounds
Anaxyrus terrestris Southern Toad (Bonnaterre, 1789) Bufo terrestris  
Anaxyrus woodhousii Woodhouse's Toad (Girard, 1854)    
  Anaxyrus woodhousii australis Southwestern Woodhouse's Toad (Shannon and Lowe, 1955) Bufo woodhousii australis  
(Hybrids of A. woodhousii x A. fowleri)
(Formerly  Anaxyrus woodhousii velatus)
East Texas Toad ?    
  Anaxyrus woodhousii woodhousii (CA) + (NW) Rocky Mountain Toad (Girard, 1854) Bufo woodhousii woodhousii Sounds
Ascaphus Tailed Frogs Stejneger, 1899    
Ascaphus montanus Rocky Mountain Tailed Frog Mittleman and Myers, 1949    
Ascaphus truei (CA) + (NW) Coastal Tailed Frog Stejneger, 1899    
Duttaphrynus   Frost et al., 2006    
Duttaphrynus (Bufo) melanostictus Common Indian Toad ?    
Eleutherodactylus Rain Frogs Duméril and Bibron, 1841    
Eleutherodactylus cystignathoides Rio Grande Chirping Frog (Cope, 1877)    
  Eleutherodactylus cystignathoides campi Rio Grande Chirping Frog Stejneger, 1915 Syrrophus campi Sounds
Eleutherodactylus marnockii Cliff Chirping Frog (Cope, 1878) Syrrhophus marnockii Sounds
Fejervarya   Bolkay, 1915    
Fejervarya syhadrensis Long-legged Cricket Frog
? Southern Cricket Frog
Indian Cricket Frog
Syhadra Frog
Gastrophryne North American Narrow-mouthed Toads Fitzinger, 1843    
Gastrophryne carolinensis Eastern Narrow-mouthed Toad (Holbrook, 1836)    
Gastrophryne olivacea (SW) (TX) Great Plains Narrow-mouthed Toad (Hallowell, 1857 “1856”)   Sounds
Hyla Holarctic Treefrogs Laurenti, 1768    
Hyla arenicolor Canyon Treefrog Cope, 1866   Sounds
Hyla chrysoscelis Cope's Gray Treefrog Cope 1880   Sounds
Hyla cinerea (TX) + (MISC) Green Treefrog Schneider, 1799   Sounds
Hyla squirella (TX) + (MISC) Squirrel Treefrog Bosc, 1800   Sounds
Hyla versicolor or
Hyla chrysoscelis
Gray Treefrog or
Cope's Gray Treefrog
LeConte, 1825
Cope, 1880
Hyla wrightorum Arizona Treefrog Taylor, 1939 “1938”   Sounds
Hypopachus Sheep Frogs Keferstein, 1867    
Hypopachus variolosus Sheep Frog (Cope, 1866)   Sounds
Incilius Central American Toads Cope, 1875    
Incilius alvarius Sonoran Desert Toad (Girard, 1859) Bufo alvarius Sounds
Incilius nebulifer Gulf Coast Toad (Girard, 1854) Bufo nebulifer Sounds
Lithobates American Water Frogs Fitzinger, 1843    
Lithobates berlandieri (CA) + (TX) Rio Grande Leopard Frog (Baird, 1854) Rana berlandieri Sounds
Lithobates catesbeianus (CA) + (NW) + (TX) +  (BC) + (SW) + (MISC) American Bullfrog (Shaw, 1802) Rana catesbeiana Sounds
Lithobates chiricahuensis Chiricahua Leopard Frog (Platz and Mecham, 1979) Rana chiricahuensis Sounds

Lithobates clamitans (TX) + (MISC)

Green Frog (Latreille, 1801) Rana clamitans clamitans Sounds
Lithobates grylio Pig Frog (Stejneger, 1901) Rana grylio Sounds
LIthobates onca Relict Leopard Frog (Cope, 1875) Rana onca Sounds
Lithobates palustris Pickerel Frog (LeConte, 1825) Rana palustris  
Lithobates pipiens (CA) + (NW) + (SW) + (MISC) Northern Leopard Frog (Schreber, 1782) Rana pipiens Sounds
Lithobates sphenocephalus Southern Leopard Frog (Cope, 1886)    
Lithobates sphenocephalus (CA)
(TX) (Misc)
Southern Leopard Frog (Cope, 1886) Rana sphenocephala Sounds
Lithobates sylvaticus Wood Frog Leconte (1825)    
Lithobates tarahumarae Tarahumara Frog (Boulenger, 1917) Rana tarahumarae  
Lithobates yavapaiensis  (CA) + (SW) Lowland Leopard Frog (Platz and Frost, 1984) Rana yavapaiensis Sounds
Osteopilus West Indian Treefrogs Fitzinger, 1843    
Osteopilus septentrionalis Cuban Treefrog (Duméril and Bibron, 1841)    
Polypedates Whipping Frogs Tschudi, 1838    
Polypedates (Rhacophorus) maculatus Common Tree Frog ?    
Pseudacris Chorus Frogs Fitzinger, 1843    
Pseudacris cadaverina (CA) + (BC) California Treefrog (Cope, 1866)   Sounds
Pseudacris clarkii Spotted Chorus Frog (Baird, 1854)   Sounds
Pseudacris crucifer Spring Peeper (Wied-Neuwied, 1838)   Sounds (only)
Pseudacris hypochondriaca (CA) + (BC)
Baja California Treefrog (Hallowell, 1854)  Pseudacris regilla (or Hyla regilla) -
Pacific Treefrog or Pacific Chorus Frog
Pseudacris maculata (SW) + (MISC) Boreal Chorus Frog (Agassiz, 1850) Pseudacris triseriata - Western Chorus Frog Sounds
Pseudacris regilla (CA) + (NW) Northern Pacific Treefrog (Baird and Girard, 1852)  Pseudacris regilla (or Hyla regilla) -
Pacific Treefrog or Pacific Chorus Frog
Pseudacris sierra
Sierran Treefrog (Jameson, Mackey, and Richmond, 1966)  Pseudacris regilla (or Hyla regilla) -
Pacific Treefrog or Pacific Chorus Frog
Pseudacris streckeri Strecker's Chorus Frog Wright and Wright, 1933   Sounds
Rana Brown Frogs Linnaeus, 1758    
Rana aurora (CA) + (NW) Northern Red-legged Frog Baird and Girard, 1852   Sounds
Rana aurora Northern Red-legged Frog Baird and Girard, 1852   Sounds
Rana boylii (CA) + (NW) Foothill Yellow-legged Frog Baird, 1854   Sounds
Rana cascadae (CA) + (NW) Cascades Frog Slater, 1939   Sounds
Rana draytonii (CA) + (BC) California Red-legged Frog Baird and Girard, 1852   Sounds
Rana luteiventris (CA) + (NW) Columbia Spotted Frog Thompson, 1913   Sounds
Rana muscosa Southern Mountain Yellow-legged Frog Camp, 1917    
Rana pretiosa (CA) + (NW) Oregon Spotted Frog Baird and Girard, 1853   Sounds
Rana sierrae Sierra Nevada Yellow-legged Frog Camp, 1917 Formerly Rana muscosa -
Mountain Yellow-legged Frog
Rhinella South American Toads Fitzinger, 1826    
Rhinella marina Cane Toad (Linnaeus, 1758) Bufo marinus - Marine Toad  
Scaphiopus North American Spadefoots Holbrook, 1836    
Scaphiopus couchii (CA) + (TX) + (BC) Couch's Spadefoot Baird, 1854   Sounds
Scaphiopus hurterii Hurter's Spadefoot Strecker, 1910    
Smilisca Mexican Treefrogs Cope, 1865    
Smilisca baudinii Mexican Treefrog (Duméril and Bibron, 1841)   Sounds
Smilisca fodiens Lowland Burrowing Treefrog (Boulenger, 1882) formerly Pternohyla fodiens -
Northern Casque-headed Frog
Spea Western Spadefoots Cope, 1866    
Spea bombifrons (TX) + (SW) Plains Spadefoot (Cope, 1863)    
Spea hammondii (CA) + (BC) Western Spadefoot (Baird, 1859 “1857”)   Sounds
Spea intermontana (CA) + (NW) Great Basin Spadefoot (Cope, 1883)   Sounds
Spea multiplicata Mexican Spadefoot (Cope, 1863)    
  Spea multiplicata stagnalis Chihuahuan Desert Spadefoot (Cope, 1875) New Mexico Spadefoot Sounds
Xenopus Clawed Frogs Wagler, 1827    
Xenopus laevis African Clawed Frog (Daudin, 1802)   Sounds
If a frog is listed more than once, one of the symbols below will be added to indicate which region the listing covers.

CA = California page
BC = Baja California page
NW = Northwest page
TX = Texas page
SW = Southwest Page

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