Photos of Reptiles and Amphibians
from the State of Texas

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This is a list of amphibians and reptiles found in Texas that I have photographed, and a few additional photographs from other people.

This is not a complete list of all of the amphibians and reptiles found in Texas.

Click on a name link to see more photos.
Click on a picture for a larger view.

Scientific Name Common Name Original Description Picture Sounds
Frogs Duméril, 1806 (as Anoures)    
Acris  Cricket Frogs Duméril and Bibron, 1841    
Acris blanchardi
y A. crepitans)
Blanchard's Cricket Frog Harper, 1947 frog

cricket frog
Anaxyrus North American Toads Tschudi, 1845 Bufo  
Anaxyrus houstonensis
(= Bufo houstonensis)
Houston Toad (Sanders, 1953) Toad Sounds
Anaxyrus punctatus
(= Bufo punctatus)
Red-spotted Toad (Baird and Girard, 1852) Toad Sounds
Anaxyrus speciosus
(= Bufo speciosus)
Texas Toad (Girard, 1854) Toad Sounds
Anaxyrus woodhousii Woodhouse's Toad (Girard, 1854)    
(Hybrids of A. woodhousii x A. fowleri)
(Formerly  Anaxyrus woodhousii velatus)
East Texas Toad ? east texas toad  
Eleutherodactylus Rain Frogs Duméril and Bibron, 1841    
Eleutherodactylus cystignathoides Rio Grande Chirping Frog (Cope, 1877)    
  Eleutherodactylus cystignathoides campi
  (= Syrrhophus cystignathoides campi)
Rio Grande Chirping Frog Stejneger, 1915 rio grande chirping frog Sounds
Eleutherodactylus marnockii
(= Syrrhophus marnockii)
Cliff Chirping Frog (Cope, 1878) cliff chirping frog Sounds
Gastrophryne North American Narrow-mouthed Toads Fitzinger, 1843    
Gastrophryne olivacea Great Plains Narrow-mouthed Toad (Hallowell, 1857 “1856”) great plains narrow-mouthed toad Sounds
Hyla Holarctic Treefrogs Laurenti, 1768    
Hyla cinerea
(Dryophytes cinereus)
Green Treefrog Schneider, 1799 green treefrog Sounds
Hyla squirella Squirrel Treefrog Bosc, 1800 Frog Sounds
Hyla versicolor Gray Treefrog LeConte, 1825 gray treefrog Sounds
Hypopachus Sheep Frogs Keferstein, 1867    
Hypopachus variolosus Sheep Frog (Cope, 1866) Frog Sounds
Incilius Central American Toads Cope, 1875    
Incilius nebulifer (valliceps)
(= Bufo nebulifer)
Gulf Coast Toad (Coastal Plain Toad) (Girard, 1854) d Sounds
Lithobates American Water Frogs Fitzinger, 1843    
Lithobates berlandieri
(= Rana berlandieri)
Rio Grande Leopard Frog (Baird, 1854) Rio Grande Leopard Frog Sounds
Lithobates catesbeianus
(= Rana catesbeiana)
American Bullfrog (Shaw, 1802) American Bullfrog Sounds
Lithobates clamitans
(= Bronze Frog - Rana clamitans clamitans)
Green Frog (Latreille, 1801) bronze frog Sounds
  Lithobates sphenocephalus
  (= Rana sphenocephala)
Southern Leopard Frog (Cope, 1886) Southern Leopard Frog Sounds
Pseudacris Chorus Frogs Fitzinger, 1843    
Pseudacris clarkii Spotted Chorus Frog (Baird, 1854) Spotted Chorus Frog Sounds
Pseudacris streckeri Strecker's Chorus Frog Wright and Wright, 1933 strecker's chorus frog Sounds
Rhinella South American Toads Fitzinger, 1826    
Rhinella marina
(=Bufo marinus)
Cane Toad (Linnaeus, 1758) cane toad  
Smilisca Mexican Treefrogs Cope, 1865    
Smilisca baudinii Mexican Treefrog (Duméril and Bibron, 1841) mexican treefrog Sounds
Scaphiopus North American Spadefoots Holbrook, 1836    
Scaphiopus couchii Couch's Spadefoot Baird, 1854 Scaphiopus couchii Couch's Spadefoot Amplexus Baird, 1854
Scaphiopus hurterii Hurter's Spadefoot Strecker, 1910 hurter's spadefoot  
Spea Western Spadefoots Cope, 1866    
Spea bombifrons Plains Spadefoot (Cope, 1863) plains spadefoot  
Salamanders Scopoli, 1777    
Eurycea Brook Salamanders Rafinesque, 1822    
Eurycea nana San Marcos Salamander Bishop, 1941 Salamander  
Eurycea sosorum Barton Springs Salamander Chippindale, Price and Hillis, 1993 Salamander  
Eurycea troglodytes complex (Spring Salamander) Baker, 1957 Salamander  
Eurycea rathbuni Texas Blind Salamander (Stejneger, 1896) Salamander  
Notophthalmus Eastern Newts Rafinesque, 1820    
Notophthalmus meridionalis Black-spotted Newt (Cope, 1880)    
  Notophthalmus meridionalis meridionalis Texas Black-spotted Newt (Cope, 1880) Salamander  
Plethodon Woodland Salamanders Tschudi, 1838    
Plethodon albagula Western Slimy Salamander Grobman, 1944 Salamander  
Lizards Oppel, 1811    
Anolis Anoles Daudin, 1802    
Anolis carolinensis Green Anole (Voigt, 1832)    
  Anolis carolinensis carolinensis Northern Green Anole (Voigt, 1832) Green Anole

Green Anole
Anolis sagrei Cuban Brown Anole Duméril and Bibron, 1837 Northern Green Anole  
Aspidoscelis Whiptails Fitzinger, 1843 Cnemidophorus  
Aspidoscelis gularis Common Spotted Whiptail (Baird and Girard, 1852)    
  Aspidoscelis gularis gularis Texas Spotted Whiptail (Baird and Girard, 1852) Texas spotted whiptail  
Aspidoscelis inornata Little Striped Whiptail (Baird, 1859 “1858”)    
  Aspidoscelis inornata heptagramma
Trans-Pecos Striped Whiptail (Axtell, 1961) Trans-pecos striped whiptail  
Aspidoscelis laredoensis Laredo Striped Whiptail (McKinney, Kay and Anderson, 1973) Laredo striped whiptail  
Aspidoscelis marmorata Marbled Whiptail (Baird and Girard, 1852)    
  Aspidoscelis marmorata marmorata Western Marbled Whiptail (Baird and Girard, 1852)
Western marbled whiptail  
Aspidoscelis scalaris Plateau Spotted Whiptail (Cope, 1892)    
  Aspidoscelis scalaris septemvittata
Big Bend Spotted Whiptail (Cope, 1892)
big bend spotted whiptail  
Aspidoscelis sexlineata Six-lined Racerunner (Linnaeus, 1766)    
  Aspidoscelis sexlineata sexlineata (TX) Eastern Six-lined Racerunner (Linnaeus, 1766) eastern six-lined racerunner  
  Aspidoscelis sexlineata stephensae
Texas Yellow-headed Racerunner (Trauth, 1992) texas yellow-headed racerunner  
Aspidoscelis tesselata Common Checkered Whiptail (Say 1823) colorado checkered whiptail  
Coleonyx Banded Geckos Gray, 1845    
Coleonyx brevis Texas Banded Gecko Stejneger, 1893 Texas banded gecko  
Cophosaurus Greater Earless Lizards Troschel, 1852 “1850”    
Cophosaurus texanus Greater Earless Lizard Troschel, 1852 “1850”
  Cophosaurus texanus scitulus Chihuahuan Greater Earless Lizard (Peters, 1951) Chihuahuan greater earless lizard

Chihuahuan Greater Earless Lizard
Cophosaurus texanus texanus Texas Greater Earless Lizard Troschel, 1852 Texas greater earless lizard

Texas greater earless lizard
Crotaphytus Collared Lizards Holbrook, 1842    
Crotaphytus collaris Eastern Collared Lizard (Say, 1823) eastern collared lizard  
Gerrhonotus Eastern Alligator Lizards Wiegmann, 1828    
Gerrhonotus infernalis Texas Alligator Lizard Baird, 1859 “1858” Texas alligator lizard

Texas alligator lizard
Hemidactylus House Geckos Gray, 1825    
Hemidactylus turcicus Mediterranean House Gecko (Linnaeus, 1758) Mediterranean house gecko

Mediterranean house gecko
Holbrookia Lesser Earless Lizards Girard, 1851    
Holbrookia propinqua Keeled Earless Lizard Baird and Girard 1852    
  Holbrookia propinqua propinqua Northern Keeled Earless Lizard Baird and Girard 1852 northern keeled earless lizard  
Phrynosoma Horned Lizards Wiegmann, 1828    
Phrynosoma cornutum Texas Horned Lizard (Harlan, 1825) Texas horned lizard  
Phrynosoma modestum Round-tailed Horned Lizard Girard, 1852 Round-tailed Horned Lizard  
Plestiodon Toothy Skinks Duméril and Bibron, 1839    
Plestiodon anthracinus Coal Skink (Baird, 1850)    
  Plestiodon anthracinus pluvialis Southern Coal Skink (Cope, 1880) southern coal skink  
Plestiodon fasciatus Common Five-lined Skink (Linnaeus, 1758) five-lined skink  
Plestiodon tetragrammus Four-lined Skink Baird, 1859 “1858”    
  Plestiodon tetragrammus tetragrammus Long-lined Skink (Cope, 1880) Short-lined Skink

Short-lined Skink
Sceloporus Spiny Lizards Wiegmann, 1828    
Sceloporus bimaculosus Twin-spotted Spiny Lizard Phelan and Brattstrom, 1955 Twin-spotted Spiny Lizard  
Sceloporus consobrinus Prairie Lizard Baird and Girard, 1853 Prairie Lizard  
Sceloporus (serrifer) cyanogenys Blue Spiny Lizard Cope, 1885 Blue Spiny Lizard  
Sceloporus merriami Canyon Lizard Stejneger, 1904
Sceloporus merriami annulatus Big Bend Canyon Lizard Smith, 1937 Big Bend Canyon Lizard  
Sceloporus merriami longipunctatus Presidio Canyon Lizard Olson, 1973 Presidio Canyon Lizard  
Sceloporus merriami merriami Merriam's Canyon Lizard Stejneger, 1904 Merriam's Canyon Lizard  
Sceloporus olivaceous Texas Spiny Lizard Smith, 1934 texas spiny lizard  
Sceloporus poinsetti Crevice Spiny Lizard Baird and Girard, 1852
  Sceloporus poinsettii axtelli Texas Crevice Spiny Lizard Webb, 2006 texas crevice lizard  
Sceloporus variabilis Rose-bellied Lizard Wiegmann, 1834
  Sceloporus variabilis marmoratus

(Sceloporus marmoratus marmoratus)
Texas Rose-bellied Lizard Hallowell, 1852 Texas Rose-bellied Lizard  
Scincella Ground Skinks Mittleman, 1950    
Scincella lateralis Little Brown Skink (Say in James, 1823) Little Brown Skink  
Urosaurus Tree and Brush Lizards Hallowell, 1854    
Urosaurus ornatus Tree Lizard (Baird and Girard, 1852)    
Urosaurus ornatus ornatus Texas Tree Lizard (Baird and Girard, 1852) Texas Tree Lizard  
Urosaurus ornatus schmidti Big Bend Tree Lizard (Mittleman, 1940) Big Bend Tree Lizard  
Uta Side-blotched Lizards Baird and Girard in Stansbury 1852  
Uta stansburiana Side-blotched Lizards Baird and Girard, 1852    
  Uta stansburiana stejnegeri Eastern Side-blotched Lizard Schmidt, 1921 Eastern Side-blotched Lizard  
Agkistrodon American Moccasins Palisot de Beauvois, 1799    
  Agkistrodon contortrix Eastern Copperhead (Linnaeus, 1766) Southern Copperhead  
  Agkistrodon laticinctus Broad-banded Copperhead Gloyd and Conant, 1934 Broad-banded Copperhead  
Agkistrodon piscivorus Cottonmouth (Lacépède, 1789)    
  Agkistrodon piscivorus leucostoma
  (Agkistrodon piscivorus)
Western Cottonmouth
(Northern Cottonmouth)
(Troost, 1836) Western Cottonmouth  
Arizona Glossy Snakes Kennicott, in Baird, 1859    
Arizona elegans Glossy Snake Kennicott, in Baird, 1859    
  Arizona elegans elegans Kansas Glossy Snake Kennicott, in Baird, 1859 Kansas Glossy Snake  
Bogertophis Desert Ratsnakes Dowling and Price, 1988    
Bogertophis subocularis Trans-Pecos Ratsnake (Brown, 1901)    
  Bogertophis subocularis subocularis Northern Trans-Pecos Ratsnake (Brown, 1901) Trans-Pecos Ratsnake

Trans-Pecos Ratsnake
Coluber North American Racers,
Coachwhips and Whipsnakes
Linnaeus, 1758    
Coluber constrictor North American Racer Linnaeus, 1758    
  Coluber constrictor oaxaca Mexican Racer (Jan, 1863) Mexican Racer  
Coluber flagellum Coachwhip Shaw, 1802    
  Coluber (= Masticophis) flagellum testaceus Western Coachwhip Say, in James, 1823 Western Coachwhip  
Crotalus Rattlesnakes Linnaeus, 1758    
Crotalus atrox Western Diamond-backed Rattlesnake Baird and Girard, 1853 Western Diamond-backed Rattlesnake  
Crotalus lepidus Rock Rattlesnake (Kennicott, 1861)    
  Crotalus lepidus lepidus Mottled Rock Rattlesnake (Kennicott, 1861) Mottled Rock Rattlesnake  
Crotalus ornatus Eastern Black-tailed Rattlesnake Hallowell, 1854 Black-tailed Rattlesnake  
Drymarchon Indigo Snakes Fitzinger, 1843    
Drymarchon melanurus Central American Indigo Snake (Duméril, Bibron, and Duméril, 1854)    
 Drymarchon melanurus erebennus Texas Indigo Snake (Cope, 1860) Texas Indigo Snake  
Gyalopian Western Hook-nosed Snakes Cope, 1861    
Gyalopion canum Chihuahuan Hook-nosed Snake Cope, 1861 “1860” Chihuahuan Hook-nosed Snake  
Hypsiglena North American Nightsnakes Cope, 1860    
Hypsiglena jani Chihuahuan Nightsnake (Duges, 1866)    
  Hypsiglena jani texana Texas Nightsnake (Stejneger, 1893) Texas Nightsnake  
Lampropeltis Kingsnakes Fitzinger, 1843    
Lampropeltis alterna Gray-banded Kingsnake (Blainville, 1835) Gray-banded Kingsnake

Gray-banded Kingsnake

Gray-banded Kingsnake
Lampropeltis gentilis Western Milksnake Baird and Girard, 1853 Milksnake (Intergrade)  
Lampropeltis splendida Desert Kingsnake (Baird and Girard, 1853) Desert Kingsnake  
Nerodia North American Watersnakes Baird and Girard, 1853    
Nerodia erythrogaster
(former ssp. erythrogaster) (TX)
Plain-bellied Watersnake (Blotched Watersnake) (Forster, 1771) Plain-bellied Watersnake  
Nerodia rhombifer Diamond-backed Watersnake (Hallowell, 1852)    
  Nerodia rhombifer rhombifer Northern Diamond-backed Watersnake (Hallowell, 1852) Northern Diamond-backed Watersnake  
Pantherophis North American Ratsnakes Fitzinger, 1843 Elaphe  
Pantherophis bairdi

(=Elaphe bairdi)
Baird's Ratsnake (Yarrow, in Cope, 1880) Baird's Ratsnake  
Pantherophis emoryi

(= Elaphe emoryi emoryi &
E. e. meahllmorum)
Great Plains Ratsnake

(Northern Plains Ratsnake & Southern Plains Ratsnake or Southwestern Ratsnake)
(Baird and Girard, 1853) Great Plains Ratsnake  
Pantherophis obsoletus

(=Elaphe lindenheimeri)
Western Ratsnake

(=Texas Ratsnake)
(Say, 1823) Texas Ratsnake  
Pituophis Bull Snakes, Pine Snakes,
and Gopher Snakes
Holbrook, 1842    
Pituophis catenifer Gopher Snake (Blainville, 1835)    
  Pituophis catenifer affinis Sonoran Gopher Snake (Hallowell, 1852) Sonoran Gopher Snake  
Rena Threadsnakes Baird and Girard, 1853 Blindsnakes  
Rena dulcis Texas Threadsnake (Baird and Girard, 1853)    
  Rena dulcis dulcis Plains Threadsnake (Baird and Girard, 1853) Plains Threadsnake  
Rhinocheilus Long-nosed Snakes Baird and Girard, 1853    
Rhinocheilus lecontei (tesselatus) (Texas) Long-nosed Snake Long-nosed Snake Long-nosed Snake  
Salvadora Patch-nosed Snakes Baird and Girard, 1853    
Salvadora grahamiae Eastern Patch-nosed Snake Baird and Girard, 1853    
  Salvadora grahamiae lineata Texas Patch-nosed Snake Baird and Girard, 1853 Texas Patch-nosed Snake  
Salvadora hexalepis Western Patch-nosed Snake (Cope, 1866)    
  Salvadora hexalepis deserticola
  (Salvadora deserticola)
Big Bend Patch-nosed Snake Schmidt, 1940 Big Bend Patch-nosed Snake  
Sonora North American Groundsnakes Baird and Girard, 1853    
Sonora semiannulata
(including Sonora episcopa)
Variable Groundsnake Baird and Girard, 1853 ground snake  
Storeria North American Brownsnakes Baird and Girard, 1853    
Storeria dekayi Dekay's Brownsnake (Holbrook, 1836)    
  Storeria dekayi texana Texas Brownsnake Trapido, 1944 Texas Brownsnake  
Tantilla Black-headed, Crowned,
and Flat-headed Snakes
Baird and Girard, 1853    
Tantilla gracilis Flat-headed Snake Baird and Girard, 1853 Snake  
Thamnophis North American Gartersnakes Fitzinger, 1843    
Thamnophis cyrtopsis Black-necked Gartersnake (Kennicott, 1860)    
  Thamnophis cyrtopsis ocellatus Eastern Black-necked Gartersnake (Cope, 1880) Eastern Black-necked Gartersnake  
Thamnophis marcianus Checkered Gartersnake (Baird and Girard, 1853)    
  Thamnophis marcianus marcianus Marcy's Checkered Gartersnake (Baird and Girard, 1853) Marcy's Checkered Gartersnake  
Thamnophis proximus Western Ribbonsnake (Say, 1823)    
  Thamnophis proximus orarius Gulf Coast Ribbon Snake Rossman, 1963 Gulf Coast Ribbon Snake  
  Thamnophis proximus rubrilineatus Red-striped Ribbon Snake Rossman, 1963 Red-striped Ribbon Snake  
Virginia North American Earthsnakes Baird and Girard, 1853    
Virginia striatula Rough Earth Snake (Linnaeus, 1766) Snake  
Turtles Linnaeus, 1758    
Apalone North American Softshells Rafinesque, 1832    
Apalone spinifera Spiny Softshell (LeSueur, 1827)    
Apalone spinifera guadalupensis Guadalupe Spiny Softshell (Webb, 1962) Turtle  
Chelydra Snapping Turtles Schweigger, 1812    
Chelydra serpentina Snapping Turtle (Linnaeus, 1758) Eastern Snapping Turtle  
Gopherus Gopher Tortoises Rafinesque, 1832    
Gopherus berlandieri Texas Tortoise (Agassiz, 1857) Turtle

Graptemys Map Turtles Agassiz, 1857    
Graptemys versa Texas Map Turtle Stejneger, 1925 Turtle  
Kinosternon American Mud Turtles Spix, 1824    
Kinosternon flavescens Yellow Mud Turtle   Turtle  
Kinosternon subrubrum Eastern Mud Turtle (Lacépède, 1788)    
  Kinosternon subrubrum hippocrepis Mississippi Mud Turtle Gray, 1855 Turtle  
Pseudemys Cooters Gray, 1856    
Pseudemys texana Texas Cooter Baur, 1893 Turtle  
Sternotherus Musk Turtles Gray, 1825    
Sternotherus odoratus Eastern Musk Turtle (Latreille, in Sonnini and Latreille, 1801) Turtle  
Terrapene American Box Turtles Merrem, 1820    
Terapene ornata Ornate Box Turtle (Agassiz, 1857)    
  Terrapene ornata luetola Desert Box Turtle Smith and Ramsey, 1952 Turtle

Trachemys Sliders Agassiz, 1857    
Trachemys gaigeae Mexican Plateau Slider (Hartweg, 1939)    
  Trachemys gaigeae gaigeae Big Bend Slider (Hartweg, 1939) turtle  
Trachemys scripta Pond Slider (Schoepff, 1792)    
  Trachemys scripta elegans Red-eared Slider (Wied-Neuwied, 1838) Red-eared Slider  

Alligator Alligators Cuvier, 1807    
Alligator mississipiensis American Alligator (Daudin, 1802 “1801”) Alligator  

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