A Guide to the Amphibians and Reptiles of California
Nightsnakes found in California
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Not Dangerous (Non-poisonous)
NIghtsnakes do not have venom that is dangerous to most humans.
This small nocturnal snake is typically found on roads at night, or while hiding underneath surface
objects during daytime. It can be found in many habitats; deserts, grasslands, mountains, chaparral,
sagebrush. Two species are present in California, with one containing two subspecies.
Check the map to determine which one occurs in your area.
It may be possibe to differentiate the species of Hypsiglena ochrorhyncha by noticing if the dark stripe behind the eye contacts the dark collar, although there appear to be some snakes that don't follow the rule.
Click the image to see an illustration.