Reptile and Amphibians from Baja California





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This is a list of the Reptiles and Amphibians from Baja California for which I have photographs. It is not a complete list of herps found in Baja California.

The names used here mostly follow those used in this book: Grismer, L. Lee. Amphibians and Reptiles of Baja California, Including its Pacific Islands and the Islands in the Sea of Cortes. The University of California Press, 2002, with a few changes to species found on the SSAR List.

Click on a name link to see more photos.


 

Scientific Name Common Name Original Description
     
Anura Frogs Duméril, 1806 (as Anoures)
     
Anaxyrus North American Toads Tschudi, 1845
Anaxyrus punctatus
(=Bufo punctatus)
Red-spotted Toad (Baird and Girard, 1852)
     
Lithobates American Water Frogs Fitzinger, 1843
Lithobates catesbeianus  
(=Rana catesbeiana)

(Alien Species)
American Bullfrog (Shaw, 1802)
     
Pseudacris Chorus Frogs Fitzinger, 1843
Pseudacris cadaverina California Treefrog (Cope, 1866)
Pseudacris hypochondriaca Baja California Treefrog (Hallowell, 1854)
     
Scaphiopus North American Spadefoots Holbrook, 1836
Scaphiopus couchii Couch's Spadefoot Baird, 1854
     
Squamata Lizards Oppel, 1811
     
Anniella North American Legless Lizards Gray, 1852
Anniella geronimensis
Baja California Legless Lizard Shaw, 1940
     
Aspidoscelis  (=Cnemidophorus) Whiptails Fitzinger, 1843
Aspidoscelis carmenensis Isla Carmen Whiptail (Dickerson, 1919)
Aspidoscelis hyperythra Orange-throated Whiptail (Cope, 1863)
  Aspidoscelis hyperythra hyperythra Cape Orange-throated Whiptail (Cope, 1863)
Aspidoscelis labialis Baja California Whiptail (Stejneger, 1890)
Aspidoscelis maxima Cape Giant Whiptail (Cope , 1864)
     
Callisaurus Zebra-tailed Lizards Blainville, 1835
Callisaurus draconiodes Zebra-tailed Lizard Blainville, 1835
  Callisaurus draconoides carmenensis
Carmen Island Zebra-tailed Lizard Dickerson, 1919
  Callisaurus draconoides crinitus
Viscaino Zebra-tailed Lizard Cope, 1896
  Callisaurus draconoides draconoides Zebra-tailed Lizard Blainville, 1835
     
Coleonyx Banded Geckos Gray, 1845
Coleonyx switaki Switak’s Banded Gecko (Murphy, 1974)
  Coleonyx switaki switaki  Peninsula Banded Gecko (Murphy, 1974)
Coleonyx variegatus Western Banded Gecko (Baird, 1859 “1858”)
  Coleonyx variegatus abbotti
San Diego Banded Gecko Klauber, 1945
  Coleonyx variegatus variegatus Desert Banded Gecko (Baird, 1859)
     
Crotaphytus Collared Lizards Holbrook, 1842
Crotaphytus vestigium  Baja California Collared Lizard Smith and Tanner, 1972
     
Ctenosaura Spiny-tailed Iguanas Wiegmann, 1828
Ctenosaura hemilopha
Cape Spiny-tailed Iguana Cope, 1863
     
Dipsosaurus Desert Iguanas Hallowell, 1854
Dipsosaurus dorsalis dorsalis
Northern Desert Iguana (Baird and Girard, 1852)
Dipsosaurus dorsalis lucasensis
San Lucan Desert Iguana Van Denburgh, 1920
     
Elgaria Western Alligator Lizards Gray, 1838
Elgaria multicarinata Southern Alligator Lizard (Blainville, 1835)
  Elgaria multicarinata webbii San Diego Alligator Lizard (Baird, 1859 “1858”)
     
Petrosaurus Banded Rock Lizards Boulenger, 1885
Petrosaurus mearnsi Mearns' Rock Lizard (Stejneger, 1894)
  Petrosaurus mearnsi mearnsi Mearns' Rock Lizard 
(Stejneger, 1894)
Petrosaurus repens Central Baja California Banded Rock Lizard (Stejneger, 1894)
Petrosaurus thallassinus San Lucan Banded Rock Lizard (Cope, 1863)
     
Phrynosoma Horned Lizards Wiegmann, 1828
Phrynosoma cerroense Cedros Island Horned Lizard Leache et al. 2009
Phrynosoma coronatum
Coast Horned Lizard Blainville, 1835
Phrynosoma platyrhinos Desert Horned Lizard Girard, 1852
  Phrynosoma platyrhinos calidiarum  Southern Desert Horned Lizard (Cope, 1896)
     
Phyllodactylus Leaf-toed Geckos Gray, 1828
Phyllodactylus nocticolus
Peninsular Leaf-toed Gecko Dixon, 1964
Phyllodactylus unctus San Lucan Leaf-toed Gecko Cope, 1864
Phyllodactylus xanti Cape Leaf-toed Gecko Cope, 1863
     
Sauromalus Chuckwallas Duméril, 1856
Sauromalus ater Common Chuckwalla Duméril, 1856
Sauromalus hispidis
Spiny Chuckwalla Stejnegeri, 1891
Sauromalus slevini
Slevin's Chuckwalla Van Denburgh, 1922
Sauromalus varius San Esteban Chuckwalla 
(San Esteban Island Chuckwalla)
(Isla Esteban Chuckwalla)
Dickerson, 1919
     
Sceloporus Spiny Lizards Wiegmann, 1828
Sceloporus angustus
Isla Santa Cruz Spiny Lizard Dickerson, 1919
Sceloporus hunsakeri
Hunsaker's Spiny Lizard Hall & Smith, 1979
Sceloporus licki Cape Spiny Lizard Van Denburgh, 1895
Sceloporus magister Desert Spiny Lizard Hallowell, 1854
Sceloporus orcutti Granite Spiny Lizard Stejneger, 1893
     
Urosaurus Tree and Brush Lizards Hallowell, 1854
Urosaurus lahtelai Baja California Brush Lizard Rau & Loomis, 1977
Urosaurus nigricaudus
Baja California Brush Lizard (Cope, 1864)
     
Uma Fringe-toed Lizards 1859 “1858”
Uma notata Colorado Desert Fringe-toed Lizard Baird, 1859 “1858”
     
Uta Side-blotched Lizards Baird and Girard in Stansbury 1852
Uta stansburiana
Side-blotched Lizard Baird and Girard, 1852
     
Xantusia NIght Lizards Baird, 1859 “1858”
Xantusia wigginsi Wiggins' Night Lizard Savage, 1952
     
Squamata Snakes Oppel, 1811
     
Arizona Glossy Snakes Kennicott, in Baird, 1859
Arizona elegans Glossy Snake Kennicott, in Baird, 1859
  Arizona elegans eburnata Desert Glossy Snake Klauber, 1946
     
Bogertophis Desert Ratsnakes Dowling and Price, 1988
Bogertophis rosaliae
Baja California Rat Snake (Mocquard, 1899)
     
Chilomeniscus Sandsnakes Cope, 1860
Chilomeniscus stramineus
Variable Sand Snake Cope, 1860
     
Chionactis Shovel-nosed Snakes Cope, 1860
Chionactis occipitalis Western Shovel-nosed Snake (Hallowell, 1854)
  Chionactis occipitalis annulata Colorado Desert Shovel-nosed Snake (Baird, 1859 “1858”)
     
Coluber North American Racers,
Coachwhips and Whipsnakes
Linnaeus, 1758
Coluber fuliginosus
(= Masticophis fuliginosus)
Baja California Coachwhip (Cope, 1895)
     
Crotalus Rattlesnakes Linnaeus, 1758
Crotalus angelensis
Isla Angel de la Guarda Rattlesnake Klauber, 1963
Crotalus catalinensis
Isla Catalina Rattlesnake Cliff, 1954
Crotalus enyo Baja California Rattlesnake Cope, 1861
Crotalus mitchellii Speckled Rattlesnake (Cope, 1861)
  Crotalus mitchellii mitchellii San Lucan Speckled Rattlesnake (Cope, 1861)
  Crotalus mitchellii pyrrhus Southwestern Speckled Rattlesnake (Cope, 1867 “1866”)
Crotalus ruber Red Diamond Rattlesnake Cope, 1892
     
Hypsiglena North American Nightsnakes Cope, 1860
Hypsiglena ochrorhyncha Coast Nightsnake Cope, 1860
  Hypsiglena ochrorhyncha klauberi San Diego Nightsnake Tanner, 1944
Hypsiglena slevini Baja California Nightsnake Tanner, 1943
     
Lampropeltis Kingsnakes Fitzinger, 1843
Lampropeltis californiae
California Kingsnake (Blainville, 1835)
     
Lichanura Rosy Boas Cope, 1861
Lichanura trivirgata 
Rosy Boa  
Mexican Rosy Boa
Baja Rosy Boa
(Cope, 1861)
     
Phyllorynchus Leaf-nosed Snakes Stejneger, 1890
Phyllorhynchus decurtatus Spotted Leaf-nosed Snake (Cope, 1868)
     
Pituophis Bull Snakes, Pine Snakes,
and Gopher Snakes
Holbrook, 1842
Pituophis catenifer Gopher Snake (Blainville, 1835)
  Pituophis catenifer vertebralis Baja California Gopher Snake Hirschkorn & Skubowius, 2011
     
Salvadora Patch-nosed Snakes Baird and Girard, 1853
Salvadora hexalepis Western Patch-nosed Snake (Cope, 1866)
  Salvadora hexalepis klauberi (BC) Baja California Patch-nosed Snake Bogert, 1945
     
Thamnophis North American Gartersnakes Fitzinger, 1843
Thamnophis valida West Coast Gartersnake (Kennicott, 1860)
  Thamnophis valida celaeno
West Coast Gartersnake
(Cape Gartersnake)
(Cope, 1860)
     
Trimorphodon Lyresnakes Cope, 1861
Trimorphodon lyrophanes California Lyresnake (Cope, 1860)
     
Testudines Turtles Linnaeus, 1758
     
Actinemys Western Pond Turtles Agassiz, 1857
Actinemys pallida Southern Western Pond Turtle (Seeliger 1945)
     
Trachemys Sliders Agassiz, 1857
Trachemys nebulosa Baja California Slider (Van Denburgh, 1895)
     
Chelonia Green Sea Turtles Brongniart, 1800
Chelonia mydas Green Seaturtle (Linnaeus, 1758)
     
Amphisbaenidae Worm Lizards  
     
Bipedidae Two-legged Worm Lizards Taylor, 1951
Bipes Two-legged Worm Lizard Latreille, 1801
Bipes biporus Five-toed Worm Lizard Cope, 1894
     


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