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A Guide to the Amphibians
and Reptiles of California





Intergrades formerly known as
Klamath Gartersnake - Thamnophis elegans biscutatus)

 






Terrestrial Gartersnakes California Range MapRange: Gray (in the far
northeastern part of the state)





observation link

 

Currently classified as an intergrade of the Mountain Gartersnake - Thamnophis elegans elegans, and the Wandering Gartersnake - Thamnophis elegans vagrans, this snake was previously recognized as a unique subspecies: Thamnophis elegans biscutatus - Klamath Gartersnake. It occurs in extreme northern Siskiyou and Modoc counties in California just south of the Oregon border, and above the border in south central Oregon.

Klamath Gartersnake Klamath Gartersnake Klamath Gartersnake
Adult, Tule Lake, Siskiyou County. This snake was found within the intergrade range, but it is identical in appearance to T.e. elegans. Adult, © Dr. Robert Lawson @ CA Academy of Sciences
Klamath Gartersnake Klamath Gartersnake Klamath Gartersnake
  Juveniles, Lake County, Oregon  
Klamath Gartersnake Klamath Gartersnake  
Juvenile, Lake County, Oregon Juvenile, Lake County, Oregon  
     
Habitat
Klamath Gartersnake Habitat Klamath Gartersnake Habitat Klamath Gartersnake Habitat
Habitat, 4,100 ft. Siskiyou County Habitat, 5,100 ft., Lake County, Oregon Habitat, 5,100 ft., Lake County, Oregon
     
More Information:

NatureServe Explorer

USGS

Stebbins, Robert C., and McGinnis, Samuel M.  Field Guide to Amphibians and Reptiles of California: Revised Edition (California Natural History Guides) University of California Press, 2012.

Stebbins, Robert C. California Amphibians and Reptiles. The University of California Press, 1972.

Stebbins, Robert C. A Field Guide to Western Reptiles and Amphibians. 3rd Edition. Houghton Mifflin Company, 2003.

Behler, John L., and F. Wayne King. The Audubon Society Field Guide to North American Reptiles and Amphibians. Alfred A. Knopf, 1992.

Powell, Robert., Joseph T. Collins, and Errol D. Hooper Jr. A Key to Amphibians and Reptiles of the Continental United States and Canada. The University Press of Kansas, 1998.

Bartlett, R. D. & Patricia P. Bartlett. Guide and Reference to the Snakes of Western North America (North of Mexico) and Hawaii. University Press of Florida, 2009.

Bartlett, R. D. & Alan Tennant. Snakes of North America - Western Region. Gulf Publishing Co., 2000.

Brown, Philip R. A Field Guide to Snakes of California. Gulf Publishing Co., 1997.

Ernst, Carl H., Evelyn M. Ernst, & Robert M. Corker. Snakes of the United States and Canada. Smithsonian Institution Press, 2003.

Wright, Albert Hazen & Anna Allen Wright. Handbook of Snakes of the United States and Canada. Cornell University Press, 1957.Brown, Philip R. A Field Guide to Snakes of California. Gulf Publishing Co., 1997.

Rossman, Douglas A., Neil B, Ford, & Richard A. Siegel. The Garter Snakes - Evolution and Ecology. University of Oklahoma press, 1996.

Brown et. al. Reptiles of Washington and Oregon. Seattle Audubon Society,1995.

Nussbaum, R. A., E. D. Brodie Jr., and R. M. Storm. Amphibians and Reptiles of the Pacific Northwest. Moscow, Idaho: University Press of Idaho, 1983.

St. John, Alan D. Reptiles of the Northwest: Alaska to California; Rockies to the Coast. Lone Pine Publishing, 2002.




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