Nothing you read here should be considered to be legal advice or an interpretation of local, state, or federal laws.
This is only intended to be a summarized description of the regulations regarding California's herps. Consult the California Department of Fish and Game website for the complete information.
The information below pertains to private hunting and collecting of native reptiles and amphibians in California. It does not pertain to selling or trading native or non-native reptiles and amphibians. For information regarding captive propagation of native reptiles go to the California Department of Fish and Game website and search for their Native Reptile Captive Propagation Laws and Regulations pdf.
Basic Rules and Regulations
A current California Freshwater Sport Fishing License is needed by any resident or non-resident 16 years of age or older to take, or collect, reptiles and amphibians in California, except for rattlesnakes, which are not protected by law.
There are other licenses for low income Native Americans, disabled veterans, low income seniors, and mobility impaired, blind or developmentally disableds, which you can read about here.
Definition of "Take"
Hunt, pursue, catch, capture or kill fish, amphibians, reptiles, mollusks, crustaceans or invertebrates or attempting to do so.
Definition of "Native Reptiles and Amphibians"
1.67. Native Reptiles and Amphibians.
Native reptiles and amphibians are those subspecies, and species, including all color phases, of the classes Reptilia and Amphibia indigenous to California. This definition includes all specimens regardless of their origin even if they were produced in captivity.
Possession and Display of License
As of March 1, 2010, herpers no longer have to display their sport fishing license on their outer clothing above the waist. However, their sport fishing license must still be in their immediate possession.
(See the California Fish and Game Commission web site for exceptions, such as scientific collecting permits.)
Many species of California reptiles and amphibians cannot be collected without special permits. You are responsible for knowing the current regulations regarding reptiles and amphibians if you plan to catch or collect them. Consult the California Fish and Game Department if you have any questions about this. Be aware that there are also specific regulations governing properties such as regional, county, state, and national parks, and wildlife preserves. A valid fishing license may not give you permission to catch or collect herps in these areas.
Do You Need a License Just to Photograph Herps? - My Opinion
If you don't plan to touch any animals then it is reasonable to assume that you don't need a license. However, the words "hunt" and "pursue" are in the definition of "take" and that requires one to have a license, so it's your call. After all, birdwatchers don't need a license, neither do whale watchers, or any other wildlife watchers. However, most herpers are not content to watch. They want to catch, so for that you do need a license. What is still confusing to me is whether or not you need a license to pursue herps, even if you don't plan to handle them, such as road cruising, flipping rocks and boards, or shining lights at night.
Some Fish and Game officers have told me that all herpers need a license if they plan to pick up or handle a herp (except rattlesnakes) for any reason, including photography, even though they don't plan to collect it. The reason they give makes sense: if you have an animal in your possession, even if it's only temporarily, and a law enforcement officer sees you with the animal in your possession, it can appear to the officer that you are collecting the animal. It will be up to you to convince the officer of your intensions. Most people who are collecting an animal illegally will lie and tell an officer that they were not going to keep it, and this makes it difficult for the officer to determine if you are also lying.
My recommendation is that you play it safe and buy a license if you are going to catch an animal, even if it is only for temporary observation or photography, or if even if you are going to search for them without intending to catch them. Then you can concentrate on herping instead of worrying about the interpretation of confusing legal questions.
Differences in Common and Scientific Names from those used here
Be aware that the names used by CaliforniaHerps.com and by other web sites and field guides sometimes differ from those used by the California Department of Fish and Game (CDFG.) (This has become a real problem everywhere with all of the re-classifications and name changes, especiall with the frogs and toads.) The names used by the CDFG do not always reflect recent name changes for some species, and this may cause confusion regarding which animals can be taken. This means, that in order to follow the law, you should be familiar with the names used by the CDFG and consult the CDFG with any questions.
Some Miscellaneous Opinions
Some herpers have lobbied for a herp stamp or some other system so that the state can know how many licenses are purchased for the collection (or photographing) of herps. Until such a system is established, the state has no way of knowing how many licenses they are selling to herpers, which lets them assume that herpers in general do not buy licenses.
A license is not needed to collect rattlesnakes. I'm guessing that this is probably for the benefit of someone who is not intentionally hunting for animals who feels that they need to kill a rattlesnake in order to protect themself, their family, or their animals, and to prevent an unreasonable expense to property owners such as farmers and ranchers who feel they need to kill snakes on their property. Whatever the reason, it seems to encourage the unnecessary killing of rattlesnakes. Nevertheless, by my reading, and I could be wrong here, there is still a two snake limit on the take of rattlesnakes, because rattlesnakes as a whole (not by species) are listed below the statement: "The limit for each of the species listed below is two....." I do not know if that also applies to the killing of rattlesnakes. Contact the CDFG for clarification.
The California Department of Fish and Game website has been greatly improved for herpers this year. Instead of a .pdf download, there is now a specific link to the regulations regarding amphibians, and another for the regulations regarding reptiles. It seems from this that they are paying more attention to herpers.
Regulations regarding Amphibians.
Regulations regarding Reptiles.
These links should direct you to the most current California state regulations. If this page is not updated by the time these regulations expire (December 31, 2011), go to the California Department of Fish and Game web site to find the correct information.
For your convenience, I have copied the 2011 herp regulations below. All emphasis has been added by me and is not part of the original document. I have also separated the families with headings - salamanders, frogs, turtles, lizards, and snakes.
(These regulations appear to be exactly the same as the 2010 regulations, which were the same as the 2009 regulations.)
Unfortunately, they have not changed any of the taxonomy, so the Black-tailed Brush Lizard is still listed as the Small-scaled lizard, the Slender Salamanders are still confusing, etc.
2011-2012 Freshwater Sport Fishing Regulations Effective March 1, 2011
Species Regulations (CCR, T14, Chapter 2, Article 4, Section 5.05)
(a) Only the following amphibians may be taken under the authority of a sportfishing license, subject to the restrictions in this section. No amphibians may be taken from ecological reserves designated by the commission in Section 630 or from state parks, or national parks or monuments.
(1) Pacific giant salamander (Dicamptodon tenebrosus)
(2) California giant salamander (Dicamptodon ensatus)
(3) Southern Seep (Torrent) Salamander (Rhyacotriton variegatus)
(4) Rough-skinned newt (Taricha granulosa)
(5) California newt (Taricha torosa)
(6) Red-bellied newt (Taricha rivularis)
(7) Northwestern salamander (Ambystoma gracile)
(8) Long-toed salamander (Ambystoma macrodactylum), except Santa Cruz long-toed salamander (Ambystoma macrodactylum croceum)
(9) Black salamander (Aneides flavipunctatus)
(10) Clouded salamander (Aneides ferreus)
(11) Arboreal salamander (Aneides lugubris)
(12) California slender salamander (Batrachoseps attenuatus): See Special Closure (f)(1)
(13) Pacific slender salamander (Batrachoseps pacificus): See Special Closure (f)(1)
(14) Relictual slender salamander (Batrachoseps relictus): See Special Closure (f)(1)
(15) Dunn’s salamander (Plethodon dunni)
(16) Ensatina salamander (Ensatina eschscholtzii)
Frogs and Toads
(17) Western toad (Bufo boreas)
(18) Woodhouse’s toad (Bufo woodhouseii)
(19) Red-spotted toad (Bufo punctatus)
(20) Great Plains toad (Bufo cognatus)
(21) Great Basin spadefoot toad (Scaphiopus (Spea) intermontana)
(22) Couch’s spadefoot toad (Scaphiopus (Spea) couchii)
(23) California chorus frog (Pseudacris (Hyla) cadaverina)
(24) Pacific chorus frog (Pseudacris (Hyla) regilla)
(25) Northern leopard frog (Rana pipiens)
(26) Southern leopard frog (Rana yutricularia)
(27) Rio Grande leopard frog (Rana berlandieri)
(28) Bullfrog (Rana catesbeiana)
(b) Open season: All year. The season closures in Chapter 3 (District Trout and Salmon District General Regulations and Special Regulations) do not apply to fishing for amphibians with methods other than hook and line (see sections 7.00 and 7.50(a)(2)).
(c) Limit: The daily bag and possession limit for each of the amphibian species listed in subsection (a), above, is four except for bullfrogs, which have no daily bag or possession limit.
(d) Hours: Amphibians may be taken at any time of day or night.
(e) Methods of take:
(1) Amphibians may be taken only by hand, hand-held dip net, or hook and line, except bullfrogs may also be taken by lights, spears, gigs, grabs, paddles, bow and arrow, or fishing tackle.
(2) It is unlawful to use any method or means of collecting that involves breaking apart of rocks, granite flakes, logs, or other shelters in or under which amphibians may be found.
(f) Special closures:
(1) No slender salamanders (Batrachoseps spp.) may be taken from Inyo and Mono counties and from the Santa Rosa Mountains, Riverside County.
2011-2012 Freshwater Sport Fishing Regulations Effective March 1, 2011
Species Regulations (CCR, T14, Chapter 2, Article 4, Section 5.60)
(a) General Provisions: Only the following reptiles may be taken under the authority of a sportfishing license, subject to the restrictions in this section. The limit for each of the species listed below is two, unless otherwise provided. Limit, as used in this section, means daily bag and possession limit.
No reptiles shall be taken from ecological reserves designated by the commission in Section 630 or from state parks, or national parks or monuments.
(b) No sportfishing license is required for the sport take of any rattlesnake.
[ The following forms of rattlesnakes are found in California:
Western Diamond-backed Rattlesnake - Crotalus atrox
Mohave Desert Sidewinder - Crotalus cerastes cerastes
Colorado Desert Sidewinder - Crotalus cerastes laterorepens
Southwestern Speckled Rattlesnake - Crotalus mitchellii pyrrhus
Southern Pacific Rattlesnake - Crotalus oreganus helleri
Great Basin Rattlesnake - Crotalus oreganus lutosus
Northern Pacific Rattlesnake - Crotalus oreganus oreganus
Red Diamond Rattlesnake - Crotalus ruber
Northern Mojave Rattlesnake - Crotalus scutulatus scutulatus
Panamint Rattlesnake - Crotalus stephensi ]
(1) Painted turtle (Chrysemys picta): Limit: No limit.
(2) Slider Turtle (Pseudemys (Trachemys) scripta): Limit: No limit.
(3) Spiny softshell turtle (Trionyx spiniferus): Limit: No limit.
(4) Western banded gecko (Coleonyx variegatus)
(5) Desert iguana (Dipsosaurus dorsalis)
(6) Chuckwalla (Sauromalus obesus)
(7) Zebra-tailed lizard (Callisaurus draconoides)
(8) Colorado Desert fringe-toed lizard (Uma notata)
(9) Mojave fringe-toed lizard (Uma scoparia)
(10) Desert spiny lizard (Sceloporus magister)
(11) Granite spiny lizard (Sceloporus orcutti)
(12) Western fence lizard (Sceloporus occidentalis): Limit: Species No. 12-16 have a limit of twenty-five (25) in the aggregate
(13) Sagebrush lizard (Sceloporus graciosus): Limit: Species No. 12-16 have a limit of twenty-five (25) in the aggregate
(14) Side-blotched lizard (Uta stansburiana): Limit: Species No. 12-16 have a limit of twenty-five (25) in the aggregate
(15) Western skink (Eumeces skiltonianus): Limit: Species No. 12-16 have a limit of twenty-five (25) in the aggregate
(16) Desert night lizard (Xantusia vigilis): Limit: Species No. 12-16 have a limit of twenty-five (25) in the aggregate
(17) Long-tailed brush lizard (Urosaurus graciosus)
(18) Tree lizard (Urosaurus ornatus)
(19) Small-scaled lizard (Urosaurus microscutatus)
(20) Desert horned lizard (Phrynosoma platyrhinos)
(21) Short-horned lizard (Phrynosoma douglasii)
(22) Great basin collared lizard (Crotaphytus bicintores)
(23) Banded rock lizard (Petrosaurus mearnsi)
(24) Baja California collared lizard (Crotaphytus vestigum)
(25) Long-nosed leopard lizard (Gambelia wislizenii)
(26) Gilbert’s skink (Eumeces gilberti)
(27) Western whiptail (Cnemidophorus tigris)
(28) Southern alligator lizard (Elgaria multicarinata)
(29) Northern alligator lizard (Elgaria coerulea)
(30) California legless lizard (Anniella pulchra), except black legless lizard (Anniella pulchra nigra): Limit: One (1)
(31) Rubber boa (Charina bottae), except southern rubber boa (Charina bottae umbratica)
(32) Rosy boa (Lichanura trivirgata)
(33) Ringneck snake (Diadophis punctatus)
(34) Sharp-tailed snake (Contia tenuis)
(35) Spotted leaf-nosed snake (Phyllorhynchus decurtatus)
(36) Racer (Coluber constrictor)
(37) Coachwhip (Masticophis flagellum), except San Joaquin Coachwhip (Masticophis flagellum ruddocki)
(38) Striped whipsnake (Masticophis taeniatus)
(39) California whipsnake (striped racer) (Masticophis lateralis), except Alameda whipsnake (Masticophis lateralis euryxanthus)
(40) Western patch-nosed snake (Salvadora hexalepis).
(41) Glossy snake (Arizona elegans)
(42) Gopher snake (Pituophis melanoleucus): Limit: Four (4)
(43) Common kingsnake (Lampropeltis getula): Limit: Four (4)
(44) California mountain kingsnake (Lampropeltis zonata), except San Diego mountain kingsnake (Lampropeltis zonata pulchra) : Limit: One
(1). Special Closure: No California mountain kingsnakes shall be taken in Orange and San Diego counties, and in Los Angeles County west of Interstate 5.
(45) Long-nosed snake (Rhinocheilus lecontei)
(46) Common garter snake (Thamnophis sirtalis), except San Francisco garter snake (Thamnophis sirtalis tetrataenia):
Special Closure: No common garter snakes shall be taken in Los Angeles, Orange, Riverside, San Diego, and Ventura counties.
(47) Terrestrial garter snake (Thamnophis elegans)
(48) Western aquatic (Sierra) garter snake (Thamnophis couchii)
(49) Pacific coast aquatic garter snake (Thamnophis atratus)
(50) Northwestern garter snake (Thamnophis ordinoides)
(51) Checkered garter snake (Thamnophis marcianus)
(52) Ground snake (Sonora semiannulata)
(53) Western shovel-nosed snake (Chionactis occipitalis)
(54) California black-headed snake (Tantilla planiceps)
(55) Southwestern black-headed snake (Tantilla hobartsmithi)
(56) Lyre snake (Trimorphodon biscutatus)
(57) Night snake (Hypsiglena torquata)
(58) Western blind snake (Leptotyphlops humilis)
(c) Open season: All year.
(d) Hours: Reptiles may be taken at any time of day or night.
(e) Methods of take:
(1) Reptiles may be taken only by hand, except as provided in subsections (d)(2) and (3) below, or by the following hand-operated devices:
(A) Lizard nooses.
(B) Snake tongs.
(C) Snake hooks.
(2) Rattlesnakes may be taken by any method.
(3) Turtles may be taken by hook and line. Fishing methods described in Section 2.00 [see below] apply to the take of spiny softshell turtles, slider turtles and painted turtles.
(4) It is unlawful to use any method or means of collecting that involves breaking apart of rocks, granite flakes, logs or other shelters in or under which reptiles may be found.
Herps not on the lists of animals that can be taken with a valid sportfishing license
The lists above indicate which reptiles and amphibians can be taken. This simplifies enforcement for the CDFG, because any animal not on the list is automatically protected, including newly discovered species, and newly-described species.
I thought it would be useful to make a list of herps that are not on the above lists, and which therefore cannot be taken. (If I missed anything, please let me know. )
This is tricky because some animals on my list are probably not on the CDFG lists because they are newly recognized subspecies or species, such as the Wandering Salamander, which used to be classified as the Clouded Salamander. (The Clouded Salamander can be taken, but the Wandering Salamander is not on the list. Does this mean the Wandering Salamander cannot be taken, or is it still classified as the Clouded Salamander? One would have to contact the CDFG for the answer.)
Another problem is the genus Batrachoseps, which has recently been split into many new species which are probably not yet recognized by the CDFG, and that is why they are not on the list of takable animals. For example, many of the Sierra Batrachoseps which were formerly classified as Batrachoseps nigriventris and Batrachoseps pacificus, have been re-classified as full species - B. kawia, B. regius, B. gregarius, B. diabolicus. This taxonomy and these names are in common use now, but the changes are not reflected in the CDFG list. The CDFG appears to be conservative, reacting slowly to changes in nomenclature. This is not necessarily a bad thing at all, but it can make it confusing to those trying to understand the regulations.
Please do not consider the following lists as an official representation or interpretation of the current law. You will have to determine that yourself.
California Herps that may not be taken:
(1) None of the introduced
Tiger Salamanders - Ambystoma tigrinum (mavortium)
(2) California Tiger Salamander - Ambystoma californiense
(3) Santa Cruz Long-toed Salamander - Ambystoma macrodactylum croceum
(4) Wandering Salamander (this is not clear) - Aneides vagrans
(5) Inyo Mountains Salamander - Batrachoseps campi
(6) Kern Plateau Slender Salamander - Batrachoseps robustus
(7) Kern Canyon Slender Salamander - Batrachoseps simatus
(8) Tehachapi Slender Salamander - Batrachoseps stebbinsi
(9) Desert Slender Salamander - Batrachoseps major aridus
(10) Black-bellied Slender Salamander - Batrachoseps nigriventris
(11) San Gabriel Slender Salamander - Batrachoseps gabrieli
(12) Gregarious Slender Salamander - Batrachoseps gregarius
(13) Lesser Slender Salamander - Batrachoseps minor
(14) San Simeon Slender Salamander - Batrachoseps incognitus
(15) Shasta Salamander - Hydromantes shastae
(16) Limestone Salamander - Hydromantes brunus
(17) Mt. Lyell Salamander - Hydromantes platycephalus
(18) Del Norte Salamander - Plethodon elongatus
(19) Siskiyou Mountains Salamander - Plethodon stormi
(20) Scott Bar Salamander - Plethodon asupak
(The CDFG Batrachoseps taxonomy is confusing, so the following salamanders might be takable. Consult the CDFG for information regarding these species.)
(21) Hell Hollow Slender Salamander - Batrachoseps diabolicus
(22) Gabilan Mountains Slender Salamander - Batrachoseps gavilanesis
(23) Sequoia Slender Salamander - Batrachoseps kawia
(24) Santa Lucia Mountains Slender Salamander - Batrachoseps luciae
(25) Garden Slender Salamander - Batrachoseps major
(26) Kings River Slender Salamander - Batrachoseps regius
Frogs and Toads
(1) Sonoran Desert Toad - Bufo (Incilius) alvarius
(2) Arroyo Toad - Bufo (Anaxyrus) Californicus
(3) Arizona Toad - Bufo (Anaxyrus) microscaphus
(4) Black Toad - Bufo (Anaxyrus) exsul
(5) Yosemite Toad - Bufo (Anaxyrus) canorus
(6) California Red- legged Frog - Rana draytonii
(7) Northern Red-legged Frog - Rana aurora
(8) Foothill Yellow-legged Frog - Rana boylii
(9) Sierra Nevada Yellow-legged Frog - Rana sierrae
(10) Southern Mountain Yellow-legged Frog - Rana muscosa
(11) Cascades Frog - Rana cascadae
(12) Oregon Spotted Frog - Rana pretiosa
(13) Lowland Leopard Frog - Rana (Lithobates) yavapaiensis
(14) California Spadefoot - Spea hammondii
(15) African Clawed Frog - Xenopus laevis
(16) Coastal Tailed Frog - Ascaphus truei
(1) Northern Pacific Pond Turtle - Actinemys marmorata marmorata
(2) Southern Pacific Pond Turtle - Actinemys marmorata pallida
(3) Snapping Turtle - Chelydra serpentina
(4) Desert Tortoise - Gopherus agassizii
(5) Sonoran Mud Turtle - Kinosternon sonoriense
(6) All Sea Turtles
(1) Orange-throated Whiptail - Aspidoscelis hyperythrus beldingi
(2) Black Legless Lizard - Anniella pulchra (dark morph from Monterey Bay)
(3) Peninsular Banded Gecko (Barefoot Gecko) - Coleonyx switaki
(4) Panamint Alligator Lizard - Elgaria panamintina
(5) Cope's Leopard Lizard - Gambelia copei
(6) Blunt-nosed Leopard - Gambelia sila
(7) Mediterranean Gecko - Hemidactylus turcicus
(8) Gila Monster - Heloderma suspectum cinctum
(9) Flat-tailed Horned Lizard - Phrynosoma mcallii
(10) Coast Horned Lizard - Phrynosoma coronatum
(11) Peninsula Leaf-toed Gecko - Phyllodactylus nocticolus
(12) Coachella Valley Fringe-toed Lizard - Uma inornata
(13) Sandstone Night Lizard - Xantusia gracilis
(14) Granite Night Lizard - Xantusia henshawi
(15) Island Night Lizard - Xantusia riversiana
(16) Baja California Night Lizard - Xantusia wigginsi (This lizard may be included with Xantusia vigilis)
(1) Baja California Ratsnake - Bogertophis rosaliae
(2) Southern Rubber Boa - Charina umbratica
(3) San Diego Mountain Kingsnake - Lampropeltis zonata pulchra
(4) San Joaquin Coachwhip - Masticophis flagellum ruddocki
(5) Alameda Whipsnake - Masticophis lateralis euryxanthus
(6) Yellow- bellied Sea Snake - Pelamis Platurus
(7) Two-striped Gartersnake - Thamnophis hammondii
(8) Giant Gartersnake - Thamnophis gigas
(9) San Francisco Gartersnake - Thamnophis sirtalis tetrataenia
(10) Common Gartersnake - Thamnophis sirtalis (From Southern California, only)
(11) San Diego Nightsnake - Hypsiglena ochroryncha klauberi (This taxa has been recently re-recognized so it might be included with H. torquata, which can be taken.)
(12) All species of Watersnakes genus Nerodia
Restricted Species Laws and Regulations (Reptiles and Amphibians)
Other species besides native species are also restricted from importation, transportation, and possession. You can see information regarding all restricted species in Restricted Species Regulations Manual 671 available for download at the California Department of Fish and Game website here.
To download the .PDF file directly click here.
Below is a copy of the information regarding reptiles and amphibians.
§671. Importation, Transportation and Possession of Live Restricted Animals.
(a) It shall be unlawful to import, transport, or possess live animals restricted in subsection (c) below except under permit
issued by the department. Permits may be issued by the department as specified herein and for purposes designated in Section 671.1 subject to the conditions and restrictions designated by the department. Except for mammals listed in Fish and Game Code Section 3950 or live aquatic animals requiring a permit pursuant to Fish and Game Code Section 2271, no permit is required by this section for any animal being imported, transported, or possessed pursuant to any other permit issued by the department. Cities and counties may also prohibit possession or require a permit for these and other species not requiring a state permit.
(b) The commission has determined the below listed animals are not normally domesticated in this state. Mammals listed to prevent the depletion of wild populations and to provide for animal welfare are termed "welfare animals", and are designated by the letter "W". Those species listed because they pose a threat to native wildlife, the agriculture interests of the state or to public health or safety are termed "detrimental animals" and are designated by the letter "D". The department shall include the list of welfare and detrimental wild animals as part of DFG MANUAL NO. 671 (2/25/92) IMPORTATION, TRANSPORTATION AND POSSESSION OF RESTRICTED SPECIES, to be made available to all permittees and other interested individuals.
(c) Restricted species include:
… … … ...
(3) Class Amphibia -Frogs, Toads, Salamanders
(A) Family Bufonidae -Toads: Bufo marinus, Bufo paracnemis, Bufo horribilis (Giant toad or marine toad group) and all other large toads from Mexico and Central and South America-(D).
(B) Family Pipidae -Tongueless Toads:
1. Genus Xenopus (Clawed frog)-(D).
(C) Family Ambystomatidae-Mole Salamanders:
1. Genus Ambystoma (tiger salamanders) (D).
(D) Family Leptodactylidae -Neotropical Frogs:
1. Eleutherodactylus coqui -Commom Coqui or Coqui frog (D).
(7) Class Reptilia -Reptiles
(A) Order Crocodilia -Crocodiles, Caimans, Alligators and Gavials: All species (D).
(B) Family Chelyridae -Snapping Turtles: All species (D).
(C) Family Elapidae -Cobras, Coral Snakes, Mambas, Kraits, etc.: All species (D).
(D) Family Viperidae -Adders and Vipers: All species (D).
(E) Family Crotalidae -Pit Vipers: All species (D), except Crotalus viridis (Western rattlesnake), Crotalus atrox
(Western diamondback rattlesnake), Crotalus ruber (red diamondback rattlesnake), Crotalus scutulatus (Mojave rattlesnake), Crotalus mitchelli (speckled rattlesnake) and Crotalus cerastes (Sidewinder) not restricted.
(F) Family Colubridae -Colubrids:
1. Dispholidus typus (Boomslang) (D).
2. Theoltornis kitlandii (Bird or vine snake) (D).
3. All species of genus Nerodia (watersnakes) (D).
(G) Family Helodermatidae:
1. Heloderma suspectum suspectum (reticulate Gila monster) (D).